Tilapia has taken an important role in the commercial fish farming business sector. Almost all types of people like tilapia recipes like baked tilapia to eat and there are no man who does not like tilapia. The weather and environment of our Asian countries is very favorable for tilapia fish farming. As the tilapia is one of the very testy and fast growing fish species, so it has a great demand to the fish farmer and consumers. It has made a revolution in the field of fish farming. By farming the tilapia fish in modern ways using up to date technology and techniques, desired income can be made within a very short time. Tilapia fish farming is also a suitable way of earnings for the unemployed people. Due to the high rate and demand of talapia in local and foreign markets, the farmers are being more interested in this fish farming. Efficiency of taking natural feed, interests in supplementary feed, surviving in averse natural condition and for disease resistance power of talapia the popularity of it is increasing to the farmer. As well as the demand of tilapia fish is increasing in international market day by day. Tilapia fish can survive in 12-40 degree centigrade temperature and grows well in 16-35 degree centigrade temperature. Tilapia can be produced twice a year. If modern farming methods and technology can be used in tilapia fish farming, then it would generate more income. And it has a bright chance to contribute to our economy. Scientific classification, farming method, feed, breeding and other management of tilapia fish are described below.
Well management is very important to get highest benefit from tilapia fish farming. Tilapia grows rapidly. The female tilapia can produce minnow for numerous times in a year. So different sized tilapia can be seen in the pond. As a result of it the farmers do not get desired production.
Naturally, the growth rate of male tilapia is more than the female. The farmer can cultivate only the male tilapia which will generate more production. This types of cultivation is called mono-sex tilapia fish farming. This types of tilapia consume supplementary feed and can survive in averse natural condition even it can be cultivate in high density.
Select a pond with a depth of 1.5-4 feet for tilapia farming. Bush and unnecessary thing must have to removed from pond, it will ensure the entrance and availability of sunlight inside the pond. Proper pond management helps better production.
The minnow of tilapia fish should kept in a nursing pond after bringing them from tilapia hatchery. Before keeping the minnow to the pond you have to be sure about the condition of the pond. First of all make the pond dry and apply rotenon medicine to remove unwanted and cannibalistic fish insects and animals. After that, apply 100 kg lime, 500-700 kg dung, 10-15 g nitrogen, 5-7 g TSP and 2 g MOP per acres. Keep a net around the pond to prevent the fish from predators like frogs and snakes. After 5-7 days of applying fertilizer, stock 21-28 day old minnow in the pond. Serve 10-15% feed to the fish according to the weight of the minnow. After 40-60 days of caring and nursing move them to another pond.
Breeding process of tilapia fish is not so difficult and the setup of breeding process is very simple. For breeding purpose the brood-stocks can be placed in a small sized tank and after that transfer the fry to a larger tank or pond for further farming. It is very difficult to identify male or female tilapia fish when they are very young. Which is a very big problem for commercial tilapia fish farming. For this reason the large commercial tilapia producers use hormones or genetically chosen fish to produce only male tilapia for profitable farming.
Tilapia is generally an omnivorous fish species. They generally consume everything including algae and various types of aquatic plants. For small or large scale commercial tilapia fish farming the producers can use commercial tilapia fish feed which are available to the nearest market. Organic fish feeds are also available for tilapia fish and home made feed can also be used. Commercial feeds are very healthy and effective for the fish and it provide the highest growth.
First of all remove different types of unwanted and cannibalistic fish from the pond by using a net or applying rotenon or other medicine. Apply dung and compost fertilizer every week for producing natural feed in the pond. In accordance with natural feed serve them sufficient supplementary fish feed. If you provide supplementary feed according to the demand of fish then there is no necessity of providing natural feed. When the weight of fish will be more than 100 g, then it will be better if you change the water of the pond at the rate of 5% daily. When the average weight of tilapia would 300-500 g then it will be suitable for sale. Collect all the fish and stock again.
Nowadays the market of talapia is speeding world wide. Our environment and weather is very suitable for tilapia fish farming. It takes low time in farming and give a great income within a short time. As the demand and price is high so the farmers are becoming more interested in tilapia fish farming. Tilapia farming can meet up our demand of protein and make our economy strong.