Romney Sheep Characteristics, Origin & Uses Info

The Romney sheep is a breed of domestic sheep from United Kingdom. It is also called as Romney Marsh previously, and local farmers call the breed as Kent.

It is actually a ‘long-wool’ breed originating in England. The breed was recognized in it’s native area by the 1800s. And it was exported to some other countries.

The Romney sheep is an economically-important breed of domestic sheep. It is very important especially to the sheep-meat and wool export trades of New Zealand.

The breed was actually developed from medieval longwool types of which this breed and Leicester breeds are early examples.

The breed was improved in body type and fleece quality through crossing with Bakewell’s English Leicester.

Currently the Romney sheep is also available in some other countries outside it’s native area and New Zealand. However, read some more information about this sheep breed below.

Table of Contents

Romney Sheep Characteristics

Romney sheep is a large sized breed. It can be either white or colored. It is generally an open-faced breed with long wool that grows over the legs in full.

Standards for the breed are not identical across all countries, but have much in common. These animals have a wide head with large, bright and prominent eyes.

Their face is masculine in appearance, and is full in ewes. Their nose and hooves are black in color. The neck is not too long, but strong and well set at the shoulders.

Their chest is wide and deep, and the back is straight and long with a wide and deep loin. Their rump is wide, long and well-turned.

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The thighs of the Romney sheep are well developed, and the tail is set almost even with the chine.

Average live body weight of the mature Romney rams is about 110 kg. And the mature ewes on average weight around 85 kg. Photo and info from Wikipedia.


Romney sheep is a dual-purpose animal. It is raised and good for both meat and wool production.

Special Notes

The Romney sheep are strong and hardy animals. They have good resistance to foot rot disease. And it is also said that, liver fluke seldom affect these animals.

As a dual-purpose animal, the Romney sheep are good for both meat and wool production. Their wool is heavy, and a healthy mature ram can produce up to 10 kg per year.

Today, it is a popular dual-purpose purpose animal in many countries. However, review full breed profile of the Romney sheep in the following chart.

Breed NameRomney
Other NameAlso called as Romney Marsh previously, and local farmers call the breed as Kent
Breed PurposeMeat and wool
Special NotesVery hardy and strong animals, good for both meat and wool production, wool is heavy and is of  good quality, resistance to foot rot disease, liver fluke seldom affect these animals, a healthy mature ram can produce up to 10 kg fleece per year
Breed SizeLarge
Weight85 to 110 kg
Climate ToleranceAll climates
ColorWhite or colored
Country/Place of OriginUnited Kingdom

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