Commercial crocodile farming business is part of a complex industry. It is very profitable, but requires a large amount of initial investment for 3 to 4 years.
You have to spend a lots of money before the crocodiles are grown enough and suitable for selling their hides or meat in the international markets.
Some areas around the world are suitable for commercial crocodile farming, although success is not guaranteed in this business. Usually larger crocodile farms are more viable and profitable than smaller farms.
Here we are describing more about the necessary steps for starting and running this lucrative business.
Why Do You Want to Start Crocodile Farming Business?
First of all, determine the reasons for starting crocodile farming business. Why do you want to start this business? Do you have enough capital for starting? Do you have any prior experience to handle crocodiles? Do you have enough time? Do you have enough facilities for starting this business in your area? Can you sell your products easily from your area?
Most of the people want to start this business for financial purpose. Crocodile farming is very expensive (although profits are also very high) and you need to take a close look at your expectations and business model. So consider all the above questions, before starting.
How to Start Crocodile Farming Business?
Crocodiles are very dangerous animal. So making a commercial crocodile farm is not so easy. This business is also very expensive. Here we are describing the steps for starting this business.
Crocodiles are wild animal. So you need to be licensed for raising them commercially. Contact with your nearest wildlife service center, and ask them for the procedures of getting a license for starting this business.
If you make a suitable environment for raising them commercially, then it will be much easier to get the license.
Before starting, it will be better, if you visit some existing commercial crocodile farms. Try to learn everything related to this business from those farmers.
If possible, work on some farms as a volunteer for learning more about the raising system, advantages and problems of this business. Thus you can train yourself for this business.
Select A Suitable Site
Select a suitable site for starting crocodile farming business. It will be better, if you can choose such an area where wild crocodiles are living naturally.
Try to choose such land which is suitable for crocodile breeding and growing. Ensure good transportation system, so that you can get all types of help in case of an emergency.
Usually an area of about 800 square feet cooler, freezer and storage space is suitable enough for housing the incubation room. No nursery is needed in the incubation room, as the grow-out building holds the new hatchlings.
A grow out building with about 5,000 square feet space is ideal. Different grow out building designs include concrete block, wood, or metal buildings. But all are thoroughly insulated and rest on a heated concrete foundation.
Crocodiles require a consistent temperature of 86° to 88° Fahrenheit. So use hot water pipes, run through the concrete for providing a consistent temperature in the building.
You can use electric heating coils. Construct additional buildings for keeping different aged crocodiles separated from each other.
For proper growth, healthy feeding is a must. So always feed them fresh foods. Always keep a stock of fresh frozen meats on hand. Usually beef, chicken, deer, fish, horse meat etc. are used for commercial crocodile farming business.
For ensuring a proper growth, you have to use proper feeding rates. For the first year, feed them 25 percent food per week according to their body weight. Reduce the amount of feed to 18 percent by their third year of age.
Always provide them adequate food, but don’t overfeed them. Because overfeeding can cause gout in crocodiles.
Crocodiles are good breeders naturally. They will breed easily if you give them the chance to do so.
Always try to keep your crocodiles stress free. Because a stressed crocodile may develop brown spot disease. This disease creates discolored spots on the hides of the crocodile, and it reduce their value.
Avoid overcrowding in the pens. Crocodiles don’t congregate except the breeding season. Keep a limited number of crocodiles in a single pen. And try to minimize outside noise by insulating the building.
Clean the pens on a regular basis. Don’t agitate the crocodiles just before, during or after feeding. You can perform pen cleaning process in the morning.
You can sell the crocodiles when they reach their mature age. You can also sell young crocodiles if any organization, zoo or any other person or organization want to buy them.
This is the most important part of successful crocodile farming business. If you can sell your products in right price, then you will be able to make good profits. Determine your marketing strategies before starting this business.
Best Tips for Crocodile Farming
Crocodile farming is a challenging and rewarding industry, which has become increasingly popular in recent years. As the demand for crocodile meat, leather, and other products continues to rise, more and more farmers are venturing into this lucrative business.
However, the success of any crocodile farming operation depends on several factors, including proper nutrition, housing, and management practices. Now we will discuss about some top crocodile farming tips to help you run a successful operation.
1. Choose the right crocodile species
The first step in starting a crocodile farm is to choose the right species. Nile crocodiles are the most commonly farmed species due to their size, rapid growth, and ease of management.
2. Research the market
Before starting a crocodile farm, you need to research the market to determine the demand for crocodile products in your area.
3. Develop a business plan
A solid business plan is essential for the success of any crocodile farm. Your plan should outline your goals, marketing strategy, financial projections, and operational procedures.
4. Secure funding
Starting a crocodile farm can be expensive. You need to secure funding to cover the costs of land, equipment, and operational expenses.
5. Obtain the necessary permits
You need to obtain the necessary permits and licenses from your local government to operate a crocodile farm.
6. Choose the right location
The location of your crocodile farm is critical. You need to choose a site with adequate water supply, suitable soil, and easy access to transportation.
7. Build secure enclosures
Crocodiles are dangerous animals that require secure enclosures. Your enclosures should be strong, durable, and designed to prevent escape.
8. Provide adequate space
Crocodiles need plenty of space to move around. Your enclosures should be large enough to allow the animals to swim, bask, and hunt.
9. Install proper fencing
You need to install fencing around your crocodile farm to keep out predators and unwanted visitors.
10. Implement a feeding program
Crocodiles require a balanced diet that includes meat, fish, and supplements. You need to implement a feeding program that provides your animals with the nutrients they need to grow and stay healthy.
11. Monitor water quality
Water quality is critical for the health of your crocodiles. You need to monitor the pH, temperature, and oxygen levels of your water supply regularly.
12. Provide shade
Crocodiles need access to shade to regulate their body temperature. You need to provide shade structures in your enclosures to prevent overheating.
13. Implement a breeding program
A successful crocodile farm requires a successful breeding program. You need to select breeding pairs carefully and monitor their behavior and health.
14. Manage egg incubation
Crocodile eggs require specific temperature and humidity conditions to hatch successfully. You need to manage the incubation process carefully to ensure high hatch rates.
15. Raise hatchlings separately
Crocodile hatchlings are vulnerable to predation and require separate enclosures. You need to raise hatchlings separately from older animals.
16. Provide veterinary care
Crocodiles can suffer from various health issues that require veterinary care. You need to establish a relationship with a qualified veterinarian and implement a regular health monitoring program.
17. Implement biosecurity measures
Biosecurity measures are critical for preventing the spread of disease in your crocodile farm. You need to implement strict biosecurity measures, including quarantine protocols and disinfection procedures.
18. Implement a waste management system
Crocodile farms produce a lot of waste, including feces and carcasses. You need to implement a waste management system that prevents pollution and protects the environment.
19. Develop a marketing strategy
To sell your crocodile products, you need to develop a marketing strategy that targets your desired customer.
20. Diversify your product offerings
Crocodile farms can produce a variety of products, including meat, leather, and tourist attractions. Diversifying your product offerings can increase revenue and help you reach new markets.
21. Join industry associations
Joining industry associations can help you stay up-to-date on the latest developments in crocodile farming and connect with other farmers in the industry.
22. Attend trade shows and conferences
Attending trade shows and conferences can provide you with valuable networking opportunities and help you learn about new technologies and practices in the industry.
23. Continuously educate yourself
The field of crocodile farming is constantly evolving. It’s essential to continuously educate yourself on new developments, technologies, and best practices to stay competitive.
24. Hire experienced staff
Hiring experienced staff can help you run your crocodile farm more efficiently and effectively. Look for employees with experience in animal husbandry, veterinary care, and waste management.
25. Conduct regular inspections
Conducting regular inspections of your enclosures, equipment, and facilities can help you identify and address potential problems before they become serious.
26. Keep detailed records
Keeping detailed records of your operations, including feeding schedules, breeding records, and health reports, can help you make informed decisions and improve your operations.
27. Maintain good relationships with customers
Maintaining good relationships with customers is essential for the success of any business. Provide high-quality products and excellent customer service to ensure customer satisfaction.
28. Stay committed
Crocodile farming can be challenging, but it can also be rewarding. Stay committed to your goals and continuously strive to improve your operations to achieve long-term success.
These are the common ways and steps for starting and operating a crocodile farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!