The Barak hound dog is a medium-sized breed of hunting dog. It is actually a scenthound and originally were used for hunting large game. It is also known by some other names such as Bosnian Broken-haired Hound, Bosnian Rough-haired Hound, Bosnian Rough-coated Hound, Bosnian Coarse-haired Hound, Illyrian Hound, Bosnian: Bosanski oštrodlaki gonic and simply as Bosnian Hound. These names of the breed refer to the texture of the shaggy coat, usually called broken-haired or hard in English dog fancier jargon.
The Barak hound dog breed was developed in Bosnia. Former name of the breed was Illyrian Hound, referring to a pre-Slavic people of the area.
Today’s Barak hound breed is descended from indigenous dog types, crossed with an Italian gun dog in the 1890s. Local hunters wanting to produce an efficient scent hound, developed this breed in the 19th Century, using the available stock of dogs.
The early type of today’s smaller Istrian Shorthaired Hound may also have contributed to the Barak hound dog.
The Barak hound breed was first recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1965 under the name of “Illyrian Hound”. The name was changed to more accurately describe it’s area of origin in Bosnia.
The breed is in Group 6, Scenthounds, Section 1.1 Large-sized Hounds, and is breed number 155. It is also recognised by the United Kennel Club (US) as the “Barak”, in the Scenthound Group.
The Barak hound breed is not recognized by any other major kennel clubs in the English speaking world, although many minor kennel clubs, internet dog registry businesses, and rare breed registries promote and register it as a unique pet.
Barak Hound Dog Characteristics
The Barak hound dogs are medium in size with very beautiful appearance. The most striking feature of this dog is it’s shaggy, hard coat of yellowish or greyish colors, often with a white blaze on it’s head along with other white marks.
They have longer legs than most of the scenthound out there which makes it a distinct dog. Their chest is deep and the legs are relatively thicker. The tail is thick and slightly curved and held upright. And the face has a bushy mustache and beard.
The Barak hound dogs are medium in size. Average body height of the mature dog is between 17 and 22 inches at the withers. And average live body weight of the mature dog is between 16 and 27 kg.
The Barak hound dog is generally a friendly and good-natured breed that may get along with children and can sometimes be raised with smaller pets like cats.
The breed is highly dedicated to it’s job and to it’s owner. So, they require a lot of training and socialization to get along with strangers and sometimes with other dogs.
The Barak hound dogs tend to be louder and more vocal than other dog breeds. While these behaviors can be reduced through training, but they probably won’t be eliminated entirely.
Average lifespan of the Barak hound dog breed is between 12 and 15 years.
How much a mature dog eats depends on it’s size, age, build, metabolism and activity level. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don’t all need the same amount of food.
The Barak hound dogs are medium in size and very active. So, their diet should be formulated for a medium-sized breed with high exercise needs. You can also consult with a vet in your area for better recommendations.
Taking good care of the animals is very important for raising Barak hound dogs. As a hunting breed, they have high exercise requirements. A single walk daily won’t be enough for them.
They have strong work ethic and excellent stamina. At a minimum, they need 45 minutes of vigorous activity each day, and they will appreciate having a fenced yard in which to run.
The Barak hound dog is an intelligent breed, so it is relatively easy to train them. They are very eager to please their master, so train them from an early age and always use the positive method of training.
The Barak hound dogs are generally healthy. But like all other dog breeds, they are also prone to certain health conditions.
Their common health problems include hip or elbow dysplasia, cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, patellar luxation and entropion. Always keep good contact with a vet in your area.
|Breed Name||Barak Hound|
|Other Names||Also known by some other names such as Bosnian Broken-haired Hound, Bosnian Rough-haired Hound, Bosnian Rough-coated Hound, Bosnian Coarse-haired Hound, Illyrian Hound, Bosnian: Bosanski oštrodlaki gonic and simply as Bosnian Hound|
|Height||Between 17 and 22 inches at the withers|
|Weight||Between 16 and 27 kg|
|Good as pets||Yes|
|Climate Tolerance||All climates|
|Color||Wheaten yellow, reddish yellow, earthy grey, blackish|
|Lifespan||Between 12 and 15 years|
|Good for children||Yes|
|Country of Origin||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
Fascinating Facts About the Barak Hound Dog
Here are some fascinating facts about this beautiful dog breed:
- The Barak Hound Dog is believed to have originated in the Middle East thousands of years ago, making it one of the oldest known dog breeds in existence.
- Barak Hounds were highly esteemed in ancient times and were often kept as hunting companions by nobility and royalty in the Middle East.
- Barak Hounds are renowned for their exceptional speed and agility. They possess a lean and muscular body built for swift pursuit and can reach impressive speeds in pursuit of prey.
- As a sighthound breed, Barak Hounds rely primarily on their keen vision to track and chase prey over long distances.
- Barak Hounds are typically large dogs, standing between 23 to 28 inches (58 to 71 cm) at the shoulder. Males are generally larger than females.
- With their slim and athletic build, Barak Hounds exude elegance and grace. Their long legs and deep chest contribute to their distinctive appearance.
- One of the standout features of the Barak Hound is its feathered tail, which is long and carried in an upward curve when the dog is alert.
- Barak Hounds possess remarkable visual acuity, allowing them to spot prey from great distances. Their sharp eyesight is instrumental in their hunting prowess.
- Despite their hunting heritage, Barak Hounds can adapt well to various living environments, including urban settings, as long as they receive ample exercise.
- Barak Hounds are known for their independent and self-reliant nature. They may exhibit a certain level of aloofness, which stems from their history as working dogs.
- The Barak Hound has a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming. Regular brushing will help keep their coat in good condition.
- Barak Hounds come in a range of colors, including white, fawn, brindle, and various shades of brown. Some may have black markings on their coat as well.
- Unlike many other breeds, Barak Hounds tend to be silent hunters. They rely on their vision and speed rather than barking or vocalizing to track and capture prey.
- While Barak Hounds may appear reserved, they are generally gentle and affectionate with their families. They can form strong bonds and be loyal companions.
- Barak Hounds have a moderate temperament, neither excessively aggressive nor overly timid. Proper socialization during puppyhood is crucial for a well-balanced dog.
- Barak Hounds are intelligent dogs that can be trained, but they have an independent streak. Consistent and positive reinforcement-based training methods work best with this breed.
- When properly socialized, Barak Hounds can be good with children. However, supervision is essential to ensure positive interactions and prevent any accidental injuries.
- With early socialization, Barak Hounds can coexist peacefully with cats and other small animals. However, individual personalities and prey drive should always be considered when introducing them to other pets.
- Although Barak Hounds have a strong hunting instinct, they do not require excessive amounts of exercise. Daily walks and regular opportunities to run and stretch their legs will suffice.
- Due to their size and need for physical activity, Barak Hounds may not be well-suited for apartment living. They thrive in homes with access to a securely fenced yard where they can roam and play.
- Similar to human fingerprints, each Barak Hound possesses a unique nose print. This distinct pattern can be used for identification purposes.
- As deep-chested dogs, Barak Hounds are at a higher risk of developing bloat, a potentially life-threatening condition. Care should be taken to prevent overeating, and feeding should be divided into multiple smaller meals.
- Barak Hounds have remarkable stamina and endurance, making them excellent long-distance runners. They can maintain a steady pace for extended periods of time.
- Barak Hounds hold cultural significance in the Middle East. They are often depicted in ancient artwork, literature, and even folklore, symbolizing nobility and loyalty.
- Due to their hunting instincts, Barak Hounds have a strong prey drive. They may be inclined to chase small animals, so it’s important to keep them on a leash or within a secure, fenced area when outdoors.
- Overall, Barak Hounds are considered a relatively healthy breed. However, like all dogs, they may be prone to certain genetic conditions such as hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy. Responsible breeding practices and regular veterinary check-ups are important for their well-being.
- Barak Hounds tend to mature slowly compared to other breeds. They may take longer to reach full physical and mental maturity, sometimes not fully developing until the age of three.
- With their expressive eyes and soft, intelligent gaze, Barak Hounds are known for their endearing and soulful facial expressions that can melt the hearts of their owners.
- Barak Hounds have excelled in various forms of racing, including lure coursing and straight-line racing. Their speed and agility make them formidable competitors on the track.
- Above all, Barak Hounds are known for their unwavering loyalty and devotion to their families. They form deep bonds and will stand by their loved ones through thick and thin.
Best Tips for Caring for a Barak Hound Dog
Here are some essential tips to ensure you provide the best care for your Barak Hound Dog:
- Before bringing a Barak Hound into your home, consider if your living situation is suitable for this breed. Barak Hounds thrive in homes with spacious yards and require daily exercise.
- Early socialization is crucial for a Barak Hound’s development. Introduce them to various people, animals, and environments to help them become well-rounded and confident.
- Ensure your Barak Hound receives a well-balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate diet for your dog’s age, size, and activity level.
- Barak Hounds are energetic and require daily exercise to maintain good physical and mental health. Engage them in activities such as brisk walks, jogging, or playing fetch.
- Barak Hounds are intelligent dogs that require mental stimulation. Provide puzzle toys, obedience training, or interactive games to keep their minds engaged.
- Establish a regular grooming routine to keep your Barak Hound’s coat clean and healthy. Brush their fur to remove loose hairs and prevent matting.
- Maintain good dental hygiene by regularly brushing your Barak Hound’s teeth and providing dental treats or toys to promote healthy gums and teeth.
- Stay up to date with vaccinations, flea and tick prevention, and regular check-ups with your veterinarian to protect your Barak Hound from common health issues.
- Consider spaying or neutering your Barak Hound to prevent reproductive health issues and help control the pet population.
- Ensure your home and yard are safe for your Barak Hound. Remove potential hazards, secure fences, and keep harmful substances out of their reach.
- Enroll your Barak Hound in obedience classes to teach them basic commands and proper behavior. Training sessions strengthen the bond between you and your dog.
- Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, to reward good behavior. Avoid harsh punishments, as they can cause fear and anxiety.
- Engage your Barak Hound’s mind by teaching them new tricks or participating in activities like agility training or scent games.
- Schedule regular veterinary check-ups to monitor your Barak Hound’s overall health and address any potential issues at an early stage.
- Establish a daily routine for feeding, exercise, and rest to provide structure and stability in your Barak Hound’s life.
- Ensure your Barak Hound has access to fresh water at all times, especially during and after physical activities.
- Offer a cozy and comfortable bed for your Barak Hound to rest and sleep. Provide a quiet and peaceful space where they can retreat when they need alone time.
- Engage your Barak Hound in activities that challenge both their mental and physical abilities. This will keep them stimulated and prevent boredom.
- Barak Hounds have a natural instinct to explore and chase. Ensure your yard has secure fencing to prevent them from wandering off or getting into dangerous situations.
- Train your Barak Hound to walk calmly on a leash. This will provide control during walks and ensure their safety in public areas.
- Establish consistent rules and boundaries for your Barak Hound from the beginning. This will help them understand what is expected of them and promote good behavior.
- Keep an eye on your Barak Hound’s weight to prevent obesity, which can lead to various health problems. Consult your veterinarian for guidance on portion control and proper feeding practices.
- Stick to a consistent exercise routine to meet your Barak Hound’s energy needs. Engaging in regular activities will also prevent them from becoming restless or destructive.
- Observe your Barak Hound for any signs of discomfort, illness, or behavioral changes. Early detection of health issues is crucial for prompt treatment and a better quality of life.
- Barak Hounds can be sensitive to heat. Provide shade, fresh water, and avoid exercising them during the hottest parts of the day to prevent overheating.
- Barak Hounds can be independent and may take time to grasp commands. Be patient and use positive reinforcement to encourage their progress.
- Regularly check your Barak Hound’s teeth and gums for signs of dental issues. Dental problems can lead to pain and other health complications if left untreated.
- Engage your Barak Hound in different types of physical activities such as swimming, hiking, or playing at the dog park. This variety will keep them mentally stimulated and prevent boredom.
- Barak Hounds are affectionate dogs that thrive on love and attention. Spend quality time with them, offer cuddles, and show them how much you care.
- Lastly, be a responsible pet owner by ensuring your Barak Hound is properly licensed, microchipped, and has identification tags. Adhere to local regulations and advocate for responsible pet ownership within your community.
Caring for a Barak Hound requires dedication, patience, and a commitment to providing a nurturing environment. By following these essential tips, you can ensure the well-being and happiness of your Barak Hound companion. Remember, a loved and well-cared-for Barak Hound will reward you with unwavering loyalty and companionship. So, always try to take good care of your dog. Good luck & may God bless you!