African Catfish Characteristics, Feeding, Breeding

African catfish originated from Africa and it is a freshwater fish species. It is very suitable for commercial and small scale farming.

African catfish can be cultivated easily in small sized pond ,hole or in a reservoir. They generally live in pond and plunge.

They live in the lower level of water. This catfish is also known as some other name like magur, african magur, cannibalistic magur etc.

Physical characteristics, classification, feed habit, breeding, diseases and nutritive value of this catfish are described below.

Classification of African Catfish

Scientific classification of the catfish  are listed below.

  • Kingdom      :       Animalia
  • Phylum          :       Chordata
  • Class             :       Actinopterygii
  • Order             :       Siluriormes
  • Family           :       Clariidae
  • Genus            :       Clarias
  • Species         :       C. gariepinus
  • Scientific Name       :       Clarias gariepinus

Physical Characteristics of African Catfish

  • Body of this catfish is long and thick.
  • There is no scales in their body.
  • Head is skate.
  • Mouth is wide and crescent-shaped.
  • Mustache in front of their head.
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  • Front side of their body is about globular.
  • Both side of rest is wide.
  • Body of this catfish is gray colored.
  • Caudal fin is globular.
  • Dorsal fin and anal fin are long.
  • They has extra lungs.


This catfish is omnivorous. Innards of dead animal is their main feed. They generally eat all types of feed. Insects, aquatic weeds, aquatic insects, small fish, snail etc are their favorite feed.

They also expert to eat supplementary feed. The African catfish will grow very fast if it served supplementary feed containing 40% blood of animal, wheat chaff 20%, rich dust 20% and mustard cake 20%.

For successful commercial catfish farming it requires 30-40% animal protein.


This catfishes become suitable for reproduction within one year of age.


This catfish species generally don’t affected by any diseases. Their disease resistance power is very high. But if the quality of water get damaged then they may suffers by many diseases.

Nutritive Value

Nutritive value of African catfish are listed below.

NutritionNutritive Element (Per 100g fish)

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