For maintaining a successful and profitable quail farming business, you must have to feed your bird adequate, well balanced and nutritious food. As quails are smaller sized poultry birds, so they require less amount of food daily. Usually an adult quail eat not more than 20 to 30 grams of food daily. Quails start laying eggs earlier than any other poultry birds, and certain layer breeds may lay upto 300 eggs per year. But you have to ensure correct nutrition to achieve this production.
As a game bird, quails require more protein in their diet. Good quail feed not only help to keep the birds productive but also help them preventing various types of health problems. Quails are not greedy bird. They only eat as much as they require. So you don’t have to worry about over feeding.
Feed your quails ‘chick starter’ soon after hatching. This chick starter have to contain proper amount of protein. Quails require more protein than chickens or other poultry birds. Continue feeding the chick starter till their 6 weeks of age. Broiler chick starter should contain 23 percent protein, 1 percent calcium, 0.5 percent phosphorus and 0.5 percent methionine. And a layer starter should contain 24 percent protein, 0.85 percent calcium, 0.6 percent phosphorus and 0.5 percent methionine.
After 6 weeks of age, start feeding them regular diet (grower mash). Ensure availability of 19 percent protein, 0.9 percent calcium, 0.5 percent phosphorus and 0.4 percent methionine in the regular diet of broiler quail. And the regular diet of layer quail should contain 18 percent protein, 2.75 percent calcium, 0.65 percent phosphorus and 0.45 percent methionine.
Quail feed ingredients are easily available. You can prepare their feed by your own. Just purchase the ingredients separately from the market and mix those at your home. Sometimes you can also offer them cake, rice, pasta, sweetcorn, lettuce etc. However follow the chart below.
Along with providing your quails high quality and nutritious food, always ensure availability of adequate amount of clean and fresh water according to their demand.
Some quail farmer used to feed their birds commercial chicken feed. You can also provide them chicken feed. Just add all the necessary nutrients in their diet. In case of feeding them commercial chicken feed, add additional protein and other nutrients in their diet.