Using poultry vaccines are must because the main obstacle of profitable poultry farming and spreading this industry is diseases. For this reason to prevent the poultry farm, disease defense method should make through vaccination. Most of the poultry diseases has no treatment. As the disease spread very fast so there is no scope to prevent this. We can make disease defense power in poultry body by hygienic rearing systems and providing appropriate vaccine. The germ of disease like certain bacteria or virus collected and preserved in a specific method and then turn it to medicine where this germ works as antibody. They work against the germ and bacterias. This is simply known as vaccine. That means turning harmful germs to inoffensive germ. While applying this to animal body they will make disease defense instead of causing any diseases. Vaccine is very sensitive materiel. Potency of vaccine can be damaged due to numerous causes.
Different Types of Vaccine
Generally bacterial, mycoplasma and viral vaccine are used for poultry. Name and recognition method of some widely used vaccine are described below.
This vaccine is for baby chicken affected by newcastle disease. This vaccine can be found as tablet in vial in dry and freezing condition. The tablet is green colored.
This vaccine is for adult chicken. It can be found as tablet in vial in dry freezing condition. This tablet become white colored.
Gumboro Live Vaccines
This vaccine is for baby chicken affected by gumboro disease. It can be found as tablet in small vial. There is a liquid material bottle with this. Mix the tablet with this liquid.
Gumboro Killed Vaccines
This is for breeding chicken affected by gumboro disease. This can be found in 500 ml bottle in liquid condition.
This vaccine is for mareks disease affected chicken. Vaccine can be found as tablet in a small vial. Mix this with diluent in 200 ml bottle.
Fowl Pox Vaccines
This vaccine is used for chicken pox disease. Tablet can be found in a small vial. The color of this vaccine become reddish.
This is for mycoplasmosis disease of chicken. This vaccine is liquid and can be found in 500 ml bottle.
This vaccine is for cholera affected chicken. Liquid vaccine can be found in 100 ml glass bottle.
Duck Plague Vaccines
This vaccine is for duck plague disease affected duck. Liquid vaccine can be found in small glass bottle.
Use of Poultry Vaccines
Using method of vaccine of different aged poultry are described below.
|Mareks||Mareks||1 day||Run meat|
|BCRDV||Newcastle||7 day||Two whit in two eyes|
|Gumboro Live||Gumboro||14-18 day||One whit in one eye|
|Fowl Pox||Chicken Pox||30 day||Under wing skin|
|Salmonella Live||Fowl Typhoid||6 and 16 week||Injection in meat|
|RDV||Newcastle||60 day and 6 month||Injection in run|
|Mycoplasma||Mycoplasmosis||9-10 week||Under skin of neck|
|Cholera||Poultry Cholera||75, 90 day and 6 month||Under skin of neck|
|Gumboro Killed||Gumboro||18-20 week||Under skin of neck|
|Duck Plague||Duck Plague||30, 45 day and 6 month||Injection in run meat|