There are many types of poultry equipment available which are necessary for successful poultry farming. People of different countries are getting inspired in poultry farming day by day as it is a great way of earnings. The demand of animal protein is increasing due to high population growth and poultry farming is a great solution of it. So the demand of of poultry products are increasing. Proper management, care and sufficient equipment are must for successful production of poultry. Some essential poultry products/equipment are shortly described below.
Poultry housing is not exactly any equipment but it is a must for poultry production. There are many ways of making chicken cage. It may be a concrete house or a simple house. Concrete or simple whatever the house is, it must have to have the necessary benefits for the poultry birds. The poultry cage must have to the facilities of well ventilation and well day light management. 10-15 feet distance from one house to another house is better. Some basic information should maintain before making poultry house or chicken cage.
- The house must have to keep dry and clean always.
- Build the house in open air place.
- Liter of the house should be at least 3 inch depth.
- Wood powder, sand or tush can be used as liter.
- Mix half kg of lime powder with the liter.
- Change the litter of the house after every one week.
- Never let the poultry house wet.
- You can raise poultry in open area(free range poultry farming system).
Incubator is such a poultry equipment which is used for hatching the birds egg in unnatural ways. Generally in natural condition, the poultry birds hatch the egg, but they can maintain and hatch a limited number of eggs. So, when it is necessary to hatch a huge number of eggs then the producer must have to use an incubator. There are many types of egg incubators. Diesel and electric incubator is the most popular and widely used.
Feeder is such an equipment which is used for feeding the poultry birds. Generally some foods kept in the feeder and the poultry birds starts eating food from there. Plastic or metal feeders are used mostly to feed the chickens. The feeder should keep neat and clean always to keep the chicken healthy. Keep sufficient numbers of feeder in the poultry house according to the number of the chickens. If the amount of feeders are less than the chickens then they can’t consume enough food and their health will broke and if the feeder become more than the amount of chickens then the birds will waste the food and maximize your feeding cost. So, keep the amount of feeders according to the number of the chickens.
This poultry equipments or chicken products is essential to supplying water into the chicken cage. We all know that clean and fresh water is very essential and helpful for chickens health. Clean the water pot regularly. Water pots are of various types. Water can be served by a simple water pot or through pipe line. In pipe line system you can keep an pipe from one corner to another corner of house or use drop water system.
Heat management is very necessary for poultry farming. Bulb, heater or other heating equipment can be used to warm up the chicken cage.
Laying nests helps the poultry birds for laying eggs. This equipment increases the egg production and help the producers collecting eggs from the nest.
Egg Handling Nest
Egg handling nest or cages are used for transporting eggs from one place to another places. It reduces the risk of damages of eggs withe transporting for marketing purposes.
In the case of free range poultry farming system fencing is a must. Because it protect the poultry birds from all types of predators. Almost all producers use wire for fencing purposes.
Neat, clean and dry floor keep the birds healthy. So, always try to use proper floor. In the case of indoor farming methods use wire net in the floor.
Coops and Cages
There are many companies available who produce ready made coops or cages for the poultry. This types of coops and cages are very suitable for small scale poultry rearing.
There are also some other equipment which are very helpful for successful poultry production.