Modern Farming Methods http://www.roysfarm.com Mon, 20 Apr 2015 06:52:58 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Raising Chickens From Day Old Chicks http://www.roysfarm.com/raising-chickens-from-day-old-chicks/ http://www.roysfarm.com/raising-chickens-from-day-old-chicks/#comments Mon, 20 Apr 2015 06:52:58 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=3407 Raising chickens from day old chicks is involved with lots of work. And it requires you to check on them often during the first few weeks. Although, it’s really fun and very pleasuring to take care of them and watch them turn from downy, fluffy little balls into feathered birds. You can easily raise some […]

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Raising chickens from day old chicks is involved with lots of work. And it requires you to check on them often during the first few weeks. Although, it’s really fun and very pleasuring to take care of them and watch them turn from downy, fluffy little balls into feathered birds. You can easily raise some day old chicks to happy and healthy laying hens or roosters if you know the basics of raising chickens. Here we are trying to describe more about raising chickens from day old chicks.

Get Baby Chicks
First of all, determine the number of birds you want to raise and select a breed according to your needs. Then purchase chicks from any of your nearest poultry supplier/breeder. You can purchase the chicks directly from a breeding farm or from a supplier in your area. Nowadays, some breeding farm or suppliers take and handle order through online. So, you can take this advantages too. We recommend visiting the farm or supply store directly and then purchase chicks.

Setup the Brooder
Setting up brooder is a must for raising chickens from day old chicks. Brooder provides adequate temperature, shelter and protection to the chicks for their first few weeks of age. Ensure that the brooder is dry, clean and safe. Use at least 4 inches litter in the brooder. You can make the litter with wood shavings, husk or newspaper. In case of using newspaper, the litter doesn’t need to be 4 inches. It will be better if you use a few layer of papers. Temperature management is very important in the brooder. Chicks require about 95° Fahrenheit temperature for the first week. Reduce the temperature each week at the rate of 5° Fahrenheit per week until the temperature reaches 70° Fahrenheit. You can use a heat lamp above the brooder for maintaining the temperature.raising chickens from day old chicks, how to raise chickens from day-old chicks, how to raise day old chicks

Gather Chick Supplies
Chicks require some specific supplies. Gather the supplies before starting. Smaller sized (chick-sized) supplies are good for this purpose. For example, using chick-sized feeders or waterers will make the first few weeks easier. Using smaller waterer will help the chicks not to drown. And chick-sized feeders will help the chicks to take food easily. Bedding is also needed for the baby chicks. Ensure, you have all the required supplies before starting.

After Getting Your Chicks
After getting your chicks, check everything and make everything ready for them. Then settle them into the brooder so that they stay warm and happy. Probably your chicks are stressed due to the shipping process from hatchery or store. So, gently bring them out from the box and dip their beaks into water. Then let them take rest and acclimate to their new home. Monitor the activities of chicks in the brooder. If they scatter to the edges, they may be too hot, so you’ll need to raise the lamp. And if the chicks huddle under the lamp, they may be too cold, so lower the lamp. For the first few weeks, you need to check on them at least five times a day. And gradually less after that. You have to keep them safe from other animals and overhandling by children. You also need to monitor their temperature. Always try to keep their feed and water fresh and clean.

Feeding & Watering
Start with a chick starter and continue feeding for a few weeks. Depending on the type of your chickens (broiler or layer), you need to go to grower or finisher afterwards. Also ensure availability of sufficient amount of clean and fresh water for all time.

Moving the Chicks to A Coop
After 4-5 weeks, your chicks are ready to move to their main coop for full time. Remove the heat lamp, if you use the brooder as their main coop.

Caring for Growing Chickens
When the baby chick stage passes and they are moved to a new coop, now you have young pullets and cockerels. In this stage, you have to feed them grower feed until they start laying eggs. In this stage, they will require less care compared to baby chicks. You can also allow them outside in this stage. If you allow them outside and if they start eating from outside, then you have to add some grit (small stones) to their feed. Because grit help the chickens to grind up grass, bugs and other foods which they eat from outside. Your hens will start laying eggs at their 4-6 months of age.

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Raising Chickens for Meat http://www.roysfarm.com/raising-chickens-for-meat/ http://www.roysfarm.com/raising-chickens-for-meat/#comments Wed, 15 Apr 2015 10:13:59 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=3387 Raising a few chickens for meat is a good way to fulfill your family nutrition demands. At the same time, raising chickens for meat is a fantastic, interesting, exciting and rewarding experience also. If you love animals and have time, space and want to produce fresh foods of your own for your family, then you […]

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Raising a few chickens for meat is a good way to fulfill your family nutrition demands. At the same time, raising chickens for meat is a fantastic, interesting, exciting and rewarding experience also. If you love animals and have time, space and want to produce fresh foods of your own for your family, then you should consider raising chickens for meat. Nowadays, general health conscious people are becoming interested in organic foods and some of them want to produce fresh foods by their own. That’s why raising chickens for meat at home is becoming a popular practice in almost every parts of the world. Meat chickens are also called broilers and raised mainly for meat production. But the chickens raised commercially in large farms are smaller and lower in quality than the chickens raised in a backyard flock. Raising a few chickens for meat is surprisingly easy. And people of all ages and professions can raise a few chickens for meat and it’s also suitable for the people who have limited space. However, here we are describing more about the procedures of raising chickens for meat.

Choosing Breeds
Choosing quality breeds is very important. Most of the meat chicken breeds grow faster and reach slaughtering age earlier. They are truly a breed apart from laying chicken breeds. Although, laying chickens also produce meat. But they take long time to grow and older chickens tend to be tough and stringy. Most of the commercial broiler farms used to raise Cornish Rocks chicken. Cornish Rocks is not a pure breed. They are result of cross between a Cornish rooster and a White Plymouth Rock hen. Cornish Rocks grow big very quickly and become suitable for slaughtering within 6-8 weeks. There are also some other broiler chicken breeds available. If you want to grow free range broilers then Indian Game (Cornish), Ixworth, Hubbard, Sasso etc. will be most suitable for you. There are some dual purpose breeds also which produce some eggs and quality meat at the same time. Dorking, Ixworth, Sussex, Transylvanian Naked Neck, Orpington etc. are some dual purpose breeds. You can also consider some heritage or multipurpose breeds for meat production. Delaware, Holland, New Hampshire, Plymouth Rock etc. will be most suitable for the same. If you plan for raising few chickens, then you can go with any breed. We prefer dual purpose pure breeds for meat production instead of any crosses.raising chickens for meat, raising chickens for meat at home, raising meat chickens, how to raise chickens for meat

Where to Buy Meat Chickens?
This is a most important question people ask. To be frank, it’s really tough for us to tell the exact location from where you can purchase the breeds. Please contact any poultry chick supplier in your area. Ask them which breeds they have and also ask whether they can manage your desired breed or not. Poultry breeders/chick suppliers have a network and hope they will be able to help you getting your desired breed. If they can’t find anywhere, then you should consider importing the breeds from the origin country or location.

Raising Chicks
Raising chicks is vary important part of the meat chicken rearing journey. You have to setup everything before bringing the chicks to your home. After arriving the chicks to your home, you have to take good care of them for the next few days or weeks. Follow the steps mentioned below.

Setting up The Brooder
Brooder is a must for keeping your birds contained, clean and warm. Setup your brooder before arriving the chicks. You can either make the brooder yourself or take help form others. Keep in mind that, the container (which you are using for making the brooder) must have to be more than 12″ high and there are no needs to have a top. The brooder also does not have to be fancy, because the chicks will live in the brooder for 3 weeks only. It will be enough if the brooder is suitable enough for proving warmth, ventilation and protection from predators. Ensure at least 3/4 square feet space available for each chick. Cover the floor of the brooder with about 4 inches litter. You can use husk or wood shavings as litter. You can also use newspaper. Place a heat lamp above the brooder. Chicks need 95° Fahrenheit temperature for the first week. Reduce the temperature of brooder every week at the rate of 5° Fahrenheit per week until it reaches 70° Fahrenheit. Use a small waterer inside the brooder so that the chicks don’t drown. Use starter chick feed for the first few weeks and then use grower feeds.

Caring Growing Birds
Caring growing birds is easy compared to raising chicks. At this stage, you have to feed them grower feeds. In case of free range chickens, you can allow them to browse pasture when they are fully feathered.

Making a Coop
You can move your birds to a new big coop after 3 weeks. Build a coop/house for your birds according to their numbers. On an average, meat chickens require about 2-2.5 square feet flooring space. Keep this in mind while building coop/house for your birds. There are numerous designs available. Search online for some designs which is perfect for your needs. Ensure proper ventilation system and clean their house on a regular basis.

Feeding and Watering
Provide your birds with adequate nutritious foods. You can either choose ready-made foods or prepare the foods yourself. You can also feed kitchen wastes to your birds. Depending on their age, provide them starter, grower and finisher feeds. And provide them sufficient amount of clean and fresh water according to their demand.raising chickens for meat, raising chickens for meat at home, raising meat chickens, how to raise chickens for meat

Health Care
Taking good care of your birds will keep them free form almost all types of health problems. Vaccinate them timely so that they stay free from diseases or sickness.

Raising Meat Chickens on Pasture
You can raise your meat chickens in a house with a small run attached. But allowing them to a pasture will improve their meat quality. For family use, we love raising the meat birds on pasture. The meat of the chickens which are raised in pasture is higher in omega-3s and better in taste. And your birds will grow in a happy environment. It’s also very enjoyable and pleasuring to monitor the activities of meat chickens in a pasture. They will keep your pasture clean and free from bugs. Along will this, you will notice the feeding costs reduced dramatically. Heritage or multipurpose chicken breeds will be very suitable for raising in pasture.

If you raise a few birds and don’t consider it as a business, then raising chickens for meat is a great option for you. It will give you much pleasure and entertainment and home grown fresh foods at the same time.

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How To Get Accepted To Vet School http://www.roysfarm.com/how-to-get-accepted-to-vet-school/ http://www.roysfarm.com/how-to-get-accepted-to-vet-school/#comments Tue, 14 Apr 2015 02:51:30 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=3378 There are many people around the globe who love animals very much. And the rate of raising some pet animals are increasing day by day. As a result, working opportunities as a veterinarian is increasing. Do you love animals and enjoy taking care of them? If yes then you might be considering becoming a vet. […]

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There are many people around the globe who love animals very much. And the rate of raising some pet animals are increasing day by day. As a result, working opportunities as a veterinarian is increasing. Do you love animals and enjoy taking care of them? If yes then you might be considering becoming a vet. The demand for vets in some rich countries like USA, Canada, Australia, UK etc. is increasing rapidly. People of those countries are raising pets more than the people of other countries. People who raise animals commercially for business purpose also need vet. And as the demand of vets is increasing, so it can be a good and stable job to have. However, getting accepted to a vet school is not so easy. Here we are describing some tips about how to get accepted to vet school.

How To Get Accepted To Vet School
Follow the steps for getting accepted to a vet school. We have shortly described the steps here.

First of all you have to determine whether you feel comfortable working with animals or not. For becoming a vet you must have to love animals and be prepared to working with them. If you get scared by any animals then you don’t need to apply for this. You must have to made your mind prepared for doing all tasks related to this occupation.

There are plenty of options in this job. You can work with cats, dogs, horses, wildlife, marine animals or various types of domestic or farm animals. Also consider if you want to be a vet surgeon, technician, a vet’s assistant etc. So, think about what kind of vet you want to be.how to get accepted to vet school, how to get accepted to veterinary school, how to get admitted to vet school, how to get into vet school, how to get accepted into vet school, vet school, veterinary school

Research a lot about all the advantages and difficulties for you as a vet. It would be better if you know clearly what you are going to do. Search online and your nearest vet centers practically for more information about vets in your area. Also try to understand about the social dignity of a vet in your area and country. In a word try to learn as much as possible about vets. The more you will be able to learn the better off you will be. Nowadays, demand for vet in large commercial farms is increasing throughout the world. Because people are planning for more food production in accordance with the rapid global population growth. You can take this opportunity.

If you are serious about becoming a vet then you should start working on this when you are in high school or even in middle school. You have to obtain good results/grades throughout your four years of high school and even eighth grade. How many things can you handle at once? Collages look for intelligent students that can handle a lot of things at once. Along with good grades/results it would be better if you join sports team, clubs, speak a foreign language, volunteer and do a part time job.

Try to learn how many vet schools are there in your area or country. Learn what are their requirements from the applicant and prepare yourself perfectly. You can directly visit the vet schools to learn more about this practically. Some vet schools also offer partial training for the general people. If you want to run a profitable farm but not in the age of getting admitted to vet schools, then you can participate in such partial practical training.

Tips & Cautions

  • For becoming a vet, it would be better if you own an or some animals.
  • It will be more beneficial for you to learn more about the animals, observe them perfectly and developing a connection with them.
  • Always keep good communications and get involved with the schools you like.
  • Some schools have lots of opportunities for high school students to volunteer and some have events. Try to attend all of their volunteer activities and events.
  • During admission session, apply earlier. The earlier the better. But don’t send numerous recommendation letters than the requested number. Because doing this will make you look like you are trying to hide something.
  • Once again, the most important thing to be considered for becoming a veterinarian is loving the animals and making your minds for caring them.

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Should You Raise Chickens? http://www.roysfarm.com/should-you-raise-chickens/ http://www.roysfarm.com/should-you-raise-chickens/#comments Mon, 13 Apr 2015 16:32:34 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=3375 Sometimes you might be thinking about whether should you raise chickens or not, especially when you see other people in your area are raising chickens and making profits. As we have mentioned previously, raising chicken is really very profitable and can make you rich if you go through proper plan, love what you are doing […]

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Sometimes you might be thinking about whether should you raise chickens or not, especially when you see other people in your area are raising chickens and making profits. As we have mentioned previously, raising chicken is really very profitable and can make you rich if you go through proper plan, love what you are doing and do everything perfectly and timely. Here we are describing more about why should you start raising chickens and some pros and cons of keeping chickens.

Should You Raise Chickens?
Before starting ask yourself ‘why should you start raising chickens?’. You can start raising chickens for fresh meat and eggs supply and as a hobby. You should raise chickens if you like them, have space to raise them, have time and want to make some extra income along with your other business or current job. You should not raise chickens if you don’t like them and don’t have enough time to take care of them. And before starting, you should know the pros and cons of starting any animal farming business. Lets see the pros and cons of raising chickens.should you raise chickens, why should you start raising chickens, raising chickens

Pros:
These are the main pros of raising chickens. The main pros of raising chickens includes but not limited to the followings.

  • Great employment and income source.
  • Fresh eggs and meat supply for your family.
  • As chickens are small in size, so regular farm tasks are easy if you love your birds and one person can handle hundreds of chickens.
  • Huge demand of chicken meat and eggs. Most of the people love chicken products.
  • Good value in the market.
  • Marketing is very easy.
  • Ready-made chicken feeds are available in the market. So you don’t have to prepare their food regularly whether you raise broiler or layer chickens.
  • Various types of chicken breeds are available to choose from.
  • Usually chickens are friendly in nature and are delightful little animals.
  • You can easily utilize your family labor.
  • You will get high quality natural fertilizer from chickens which will boost the crop production. You can also use it for any other purposes.
  • You don’t need any license for starting chicken farming business (in most areas).
  • You can get bank loan if you don’t have enough money for starting this business commercially.
  • Chickens are very cute and fluffy. And if you love animals, then raising chickens will give you much pleasure.

Cons:
Some cons of raising chickens are listed below.

  • Like all other animal farming business, raising chickens is hard and is involved with lots of regular hard work. Some people also consider keeping chickens as a dirty work.
  • In some areas, all supplies are not available for starting this business. For example chicks, feeds, equipment etc.
  • Specialized and experienced fowl vet is not available in some areas or it may be hard to find someone for help.
  • Some people also face difficulties for marketing their products.
  • Some people (your neighbor) can complain for the noise or odor of chickens.
  • Diseases and other health issues are common in chickens.
  • Risk of predators (such as birds of prey, coyotes, dogs, foxes etc.).
  • Raising chickens commercially is pretty expensive and require high amount of investment. You need to invest a large amount of money for the first time.

So, what do you think? Should you raise chickens? Hope you have determined your plan and goal. But if you are still in a dilemma then consider the followings.

Do You Like Chickens?
This is the first and most important question to ask yourself. If you are sure that you will enjoy being around chickens and love to take care of them, then you should raise chickens. We recommend visiting some existing chicken farms in your area if you have not spent time with chickens before. Hope you will love them!

Do You Have Land?
On an average, broiler chicken require about 2-2.5 square feet housing space and layer chicken require about 4-4.5 square feet housing space for raising them inside house full time. You will need additional land if you plan for raising them in free range system. So, keep this in mind before planning for raising chickens.

Do You Have Enough Time?
A small flock will take less maintenance and caring time. But for commercial production, you have to consider about working full time in your chicken farm. Although, chickens need less maintenance time compared to other farm animals. But involved with some daily routine work. You need to check their feeds, watering system, health condition etc. regularly. You need to clean their house and equipment on a regular basis. In case of raising layer chickens, you have to collect eggs daily. So, ensure you have time to do all these regularly. You also have to spend time even if  everything in your farm is done by labor.

Can You Afford It?
You need money either for raising a few chickens or raising commercially with large number of chickens. You will need money for building house, purchasing chicks, feeds and supplies. You have to continuously spend on the project until your hens are laying eggs or your broilers are ready for marketing. So, consider wisely whether you can afford the project or not depending on the type and number of chickens your are going to raise.

Consider every aspects discussed above wisely before determining whether should you raise chickens or not. If you want to raise a few chickens for fresh meat and eggs supply for your family, then there are almost nothing to worry about. But if you plan for commercial production, then consider all major factors wisely. Such as availability of chicks and feeds in your area, medication, marketing, investment etc. Try to learn how people are making profits from raising chickens in your area. Visit as much farms as possible for gathering practical knowledge. And then if you love animals and ready for the hard work, then you should raise chickens. Make a plan and go according to it. We cordially wish your success! May God bless you!!

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Poultry Farming For Beginners http://www.roysfarm.com/poultry-farming-for-beginners/ http://www.roysfarm.com/poultry-farming-for-beginners/#comments Sun, 22 Feb 2015 08:03:24 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=3157 Following a poultry farming for beginners guide will help you a lot for setting up your new poultry farming business. As poultry farming has already proven to be lucrative business, so you may be willing to start a farm for your new source of income. In broad, poultry farming means raising various types of domestic […]

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Following a poultry farming for beginners guide will help you a lot for setting up your new poultry farming business. As poultry farming has already proven to be lucrative business, so you may be willing to start a farm for your new source of income. In broad, poultry farming means raising various types of domestic birds commercially for the purpose of meat, eggs and feather production. But here we are describing poultry farming for beginners guide about chickens. Chicken’s products are among the major source of animal protein, aside from beef, pork and fish. And chickens are already an integral part of human life. Small scale poultry production fulfill the animal nutrition demand for a family. But large scale or commercial basis poultry farming offer an opportunity for the people to earn big amount of money. That’s why there are many poultry farms out there. Poultry farming is a suitable business for the people who are passionate about livestock farming, keeping birds and who are comfortable with farm life. Poultry farming is a highly profitable business if you can run it properly under acceptable methods and conditions conducive for the birds. Actually each type of farming business follows specific operational principles for making good profit. And when such principles are ignored by the farm management system, it results in serious loses. So before starting, it is wise to learn more about the business. Take some time and try to understand why most of the poultry farmers make good profits and some of them fail. Some of the farmers, especially beginners have been forced out of the business when they could not operate it properly and thus lose money. Successful poultry farming business is involved with lot of works and it’s easy at the same time. But it’s not a lazy man’s business. You have to do everything timely and perfectly according to a plan. However, here we are trying to discuss details about poultry farming for beginners.

How to Start the Business
Follow the step by step process for starting your new poultry farming business. Starting a poultry farming business is easy and involved with lots of regular work at the same time. Here we are tying to include all details you will need for the business.

Have Your Investment Ready
Poultry farming requires investment. You can arrange the money by your own or you can apply for bank loan. Both govt. and non-govt. bank loans are available for starting poultry farming business. You should contact your desired bank for the loan process. As a beginner, you should start with a minimum number of birds which will cost you pretty less money.

Production Type
First of all determine the production type of your poultry farm. You can raise broiler chickens for meat production purpose and choose layers if you want to produce eggs commercially. You can also start your poultry farm for selling poultry products and breeding stocks directly to your local customers. Determine your production purpose, select proper poultry breeds according to your desired production and go for the detailed planning.poultry farming, poultry farming for beginners, poultry farming for beginners guide, how to start poultry farming

Set Farm Location
Selecting a good farm location for your business is very important. You should select such a location which has all required facilities and favorable for your business. It can be slightly far from the town, where land and labor is pretty cheap. But don’t setup the farm too far from the town. Because most of the towns have high density population, and you have to target that market. Also try to avoid setting up the farm in residential areas, because poultry farms produce offensive odor. While selecting the farm location, consider transportation system and medication facilities also.

Construct House
After selecting farm location, construct a good house for your birds. Ensure all required facilities are available in the new house. There are three types of poultry housing system you can use. Extensive, semi intensive and intensive. For commercial production, intensive system is most convenient. You can raise your birds in floor or in cage system. On an average, broiler poultry needs about 2.5 square feet space and layer poultry needs about 4 square feet space. For example, if you want to raise 200 layers then you have to ensure about 800 square feet space is available. About 4 square feet space is required per bird in cage system. Don’t forget to add proper lighting and ventilation system in the house.

Purchase Required Equipment
You need to purchase some equipment for your poultry farm. List of required equipment are listed below for running a poultry farm successfully.

  • Feeders
  • Waterers
  • Nests
  • Cages
  • Coops
  • Crates
  • Incubator
  • Egg tray
  • Lighting instruments
  • Perches
  • Brooders or heaters
  • Ventilation system
  • Waste disposal system

Labor or Manpower
Based on the number of birds, you need more or less manpower/labor. As a beginner, if you start with a minimum number of birds (200-500) then you can manage your farm by yourself easily. If you plan for raising more birds then you will need additional manpower. Ensure cheap labor is available in your selected area.

Purchasing Chicks
After setting everything up and having everything ready, purchase quality chicks from trusted breeder in your area and start caring them. Set the brooder ready before arriving the chicks from breeding house to your farm. As a beginner, it is wise to start with day old chicks instead of older chicks. If you are a complete beginner without any prior experience, keep the number of chicks to minimum (anyhow not more than 500).

Feeding
Feeding is the most important part of poultry farming business. After constructing house and purchasing equipment and chicks, you have to spend a large amount of money for feeding your birds. About 70% of your total project expenses will go towards the feeding. And the success in the business also depends on quality and adequate feeding. You can purchase the feed ingredients from the market and prepare the feed by yourself or purchase ready-made poultry feeds from the market. Different types of commercial poultry feeds are available in the market for each type of birds. Please review the following webpages for more details about poultry feeding.
Broiler poultry feed
Layer poultry feedpoultry farming, poultry farming for beginners, poultry farming for beginners guide, how to start poultry farming

Health Management
As we have mentioned above, you have to ensure proper medication system in your area. Poultry birds are prone to various types of diseases and you have to be ready for controlling them. We know ‘prevention is better than cure’, so you have to be conscious and take proper care of your birds to keep them safe. Vaccinate them timely and always try to provide them fresh water and food. Also stock some required vaccine and medicine so that you can use them when needed.

Marketing
Good marketing strategies influence the profit from your business. If you can sell your products in the market easily, then it will encourage you in getting more production. We always recommend determining marketing facilities in your area before starting any farming business. Because your business will not be much profitable if you can’t market your products properly.

Hope this poultry farming for beginners guide will help you to plan for your new business. Before starting, try to learn more about the business and visit some farms if possible. Consult with other farmers in your area and start with a minimum number of birds for the first time. Gather experience and gradually expand your farm.

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Raising Turkeys From Poults http://www.roysfarm.com/raising-turkeys-from-poults/ http://www.roysfarm.com/raising-turkeys-from-poults/#comments Sat, 07 Feb 2015 10:53:36 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=3096 Raising turkeys from poults is just like keeping and growing other poultry birds. But you should be careful before starting to raise turkey flock with day-od poults. You have to ensure they grow into healthy, happy and productive adult turkeys. With proper care and some preparation, your baby turkeys will grow well and live happily. […]

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Raising turkeys from poults is just like keeping and growing other poultry birds. But you should be careful before starting to raise turkey flock with day-od poults. You have to ensure they grow into healthy, happy and productive adult turkeys. With proper care and some preparation, your baby turkeys will grow well and live happily. Here we are discussing about raising turkeys from poults.

Bringing Poults to Farm
After arriving the poults to your farm, inspect each poult one by one when you move them from the transport box. Dip the beak of each poult in water as soon as you keep them into the brooder. Doing this will teach them where the water is and how to drink. In the case of shipped poults, they will be stressed from the transport process. So ensure that they are eating and drinking well for the first two weeks.

Caring Poults
You have to set up a brooder for your turkey poults, just like for baby chicks. As the turkey poult brooder is just like the brooder for baby chickens, you can use those resources for designing your turkey poult’s brooder. But you have to set everything up and warm the brooder to 95° to 98° before bringing your poults. After bringing the poults inside the brooder, they will stay at the edges of the heating source if they are too hot, or will huddle under the lap if they are too cold (just like baby chicks). So you should monitor the behavior of your poults and using a thermometer will be helpful guide to temperature. You have to lower the temperature inside the brooder at the rate of 5° per week until the temperature is the same as the outdoors. Or lower the temperature at the same rate (5° per week) for 6 weeks. You can lower the temperature by raising the heat lamp a few inches each week. Always have the poult’s feeders and waterers filled and placed properly. You shouldn’t keep the poults right under the lamp, but also don’t keep them too far from the center. Place the feeders and waterers in such a way so that the poults can easily get food and water without getting either overheated or chilled. Hanging feeders work fine for turkey poults. It will prevent poults from standing and pooping in the feed or knocking it over. You can use pine shavings for the bottom of the brooder (never use cedar). Some people also use clean sand for the bottom of the brooder when the poults are three weeks old. Using sand is easy to clean and keeps the brooder dry. Ensure roosts and pen ready for them to move to after they outgrow and also have their pasture ready.raising turkeys from poults, raising turkeys

Preventing Problems
Particularly, turkey poults are prone to “starving out”. Starving out means some poults will hang back or get pushed away from the feeder, and they will actually starve to death despite food being available. While your poults are feeding, keep a close eye on them for ensuring this doesn’t happen. In some cases, overcrowding can also cause some problems. Overcrowding can contribute to starving out. So it is wise to ensure plenty of space inside the house for your poults. Ensure at least a 10ft x 10ft space available for a dozen of day-old poults. They will need more space in accordance with they get bigger.

Adding Roosts
Roosts are very important for turkeys. You can add a roost to your brooder by the three weeks of age of your turkeys. Roosts helps to keep the birds safe and they will feel extra comfort. They will sleep warmer and more comfortably. Teaching turkeys to roost early will help them when they are eventually moved to roosts later.

Feeding & Watering
Please keep in mind that feeding and watering turkeys play a very important role in the growth and health. You might thinking about feeding your turkey poults. There are various types of poultry feeds available in the market (starter, grower, finisher, medicated, non-medicated etc). But turkeys need such feeds which is high in protein, more than chickens. Usually poultry starter or gamebird starter feed has around 28 percent protein. And these starter feed works for turkey poults for the first 12 weeks (medicated or non-medicated is your choice). Most of the small scale farmers like to use non-medicated feeds. The protein in your turkey poult’s feed can be lowered to 20 percent after their 12 weeks of age. But lower than this rate will result your turkeys won’t grow as big as they could. Along with providing well balanced and nutritious feeds, ensure availability of sufficient amount of fresh and clean water for your poults.

Moving Outside
In accordance to the growth of your poults, make your poult’s brooder bigger so they are not overcrowded. Lower the temperature of brooder every week at the rate of 5° until they reach 6 weeks of age. For reducing temperature, you can raise the lamp or switch to lower wattage bulbs as they grow. You will need to harden off your turkey poults by exposing them to outside temperatures gradually. You can allow your poults to access to an enclosed sun porch on nice days by their three weeks of age.

You can move your poults to the new house by their eight weeks of age. They should be fully feathered within this age. Ensure all your birds are fully feathered before moving them. At this age, you can give them access to outdoors. But you should still provide the lamp at night for a week or two. And then you can move them to their new, grown-up turkey house, roosts and pen. Monitor them nightly for a few days after moving them to the new house. Ensure that they are not getting damp or chilled. Thus you can grow poults to healthy turkeys.

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Turkey Diseases and Problems http://www.roysfarm.com/turkey-diseases-and-problems/ http://www.roysfarm.com/turkey-diseases-and-problems/#comments Fri, 23 Jan 2015 16:55:55 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=3053 Turkeys are great bird for raising in your farm. They are also good as pets. But there are some diseases and problems in turkeys. They are like other poultry birds such as chickens and susceptible to diseases and other problems. Whether you raise turkeys as pets, for meat or as a breeding flock, you should […]

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Turkeys are great bird for raising in your farm. They are also good as pets. But there are some diseases and problems in turkeys. They are like other poultry birds such as chickens and susceptible to diseases and other problems. Whether you raise turkeys as pets, for meat or as a breeding flock, you should be aware of turkey diseases and problems for avoiding losses and heartbreak of losing your flock. Here we are describing about some turkey diseases and problems. Proper care and preventive methods will be helpful for preventing such turkey diseases and other health problems.

Airsacculitis
Airsacculitis is a respiratory disease and it affects the air sacs of turkeys. Actually you can’t treat airsacculitis, but only prevent this disease. The main prevention for this disease is to ensuring purchase of poults from disease free hatchery that tests for the disease in their breeding hens and toms. The poults can get the disease before they are even born. Because the disease is transmitted in the eggs.

Blackhead
Blackhead is a common disease to chickens. It can also affect turkey birds even it causes no symptoms in chickens. So you should not raise turkey poults and baby chicks together. And if you keep both chickens and turkeys, then ensure separate house for each birds. Never raise turkeys and chickens or any other poultry birds in the same house. And while selecting turkey house it will be better if you place it in such a location where chickens have not been before. If you can’t keep your turkeys separate from chickens, then you can purchase some drugs and feed your turkeys for preventing blackhead.turkey diseases, diseases of turkeys, turkey diseases and problems

Cannibalism
Cannibalism is actually not a disease. It is a problem in the turkey flock and common in most other poultry birds. You can stop cannibalism by giving your birds enough living and range space. Usually 75 by 75 feet space will be sufficient enough for every 20 turkeys on range. Also ensure proper ventilation system inside their house. Because overheating can also cause cannibalism.

Coccidiosis
Coccidiosis is a common disease in turkeys that can cause diarrhea and lack of “thrift” or good growth in poults. You can use medicated feed containing drugs for preventing this disease. Always try to keep the litter dry and it is very important. Because coccidiosis spreads and grows in dirty and wet litter. Letting your poults outside onto pasture by their eight weeks of age and moving roosts to fresh ground inside the house frequently will help to prevent this disease. You can also vaccinate your chicks against coccidiosis. In case of applying vaccination, you should not feed your birds with medicated feeds. Because feeding medicated feeds after applying vaccines will inactive the vaccine’s activity.

Predators
There are some animals and birds around which can harm your turkeys. For keeping your birds happy and safe, you must prevent predators. Always try to provide roosts for your birds. This will not only keep them happy, but also keep them safe from predators who will have to climb to reach your birds (in the wild, turkeys roost very safely very high in trees). The higher you can make the roosts, the safer your turkeys will feel. Make fence around your turkey pen, and this will prevent some deter predators. It will be better if you can cover the top of the fence with netting.

Preventing Turkey Diseases
Allowing your birds with fresh air and range, large pen with roosts, moving your bird’s roosts (if possible the house also) frequently to fresh ground etc. are some best ways for preventing turkey diseases. Moving the roosts frequently to fresh ground will ensure the manure doesn’t pile up in one location. Provide your birds with nutritious foods, fresh and clean water and always take good care of them.

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Feeding and Watering Turkeys http://www.roysfarm.com/feeding-and-watering-turkeys/ http://www.roysfarm.com/feeding-and-watering-turkeys/#comments Sat, 17 Jan 2015 10:28:49 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=3018 Learning about feeding and watering turkeys properly can help a lot for preventing different problems as well as save you money on feed and water. The system of feeding and watering turkeys have similarity to chickens. Your previous experience of raising chickens or ducks will help a lot. Although there are many different choices of […]

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Learning about feeding and watering turkeys properly can help a lot for preventing different problems as well as save you money on feed and water. The system of feeding and watering turkeys have similarity to chickens. Your previous experience of raising chickens or ducks will help a lot. Although there are many different choices of types of waterers and feeders, and different ones may be appropriate for specific situations. You have to emphasis on feeding quality feeds and clean water for keeping them healthy and productive.

Types of Turkey Feed
You can use poultry feeds for feeding your turkeys. But turkeys require more protein than chickens. Feed of poults should contain at least 28 percent protein and adult bird’s feeds should contain at least 20 percent protein. Use gamebird starter or chick starter feed for turkey poults for the first six weeks. Then switch to a grower feed after six weeks. Usually turkeys reach marketing size within their six months of age. On an average, a tom will need approximately 100 pounds of feed and a hen will need about 60 pounds of feed for reaching marketing size (in six months).

Feeding and Watering Poults
Give special attention to your birds from when they are poults. Ensure you have feeders and waterers set up and filled before bringing poults to your farm. When the poults first arrive, you can dip their beaks in the water and make sure they start eating soon after settling in. One gallon chick waterer will be best for watering the baby poults. Don’t use buckets, open dishes or pans of water. Because the baby poults may fall in, get chilled and die or even drown. You can use red plastic chick feeders which have oval shaped openings through which the poults can reach the feed. You can also use the bottom half of an egg carton as a first feeder for poults. You can use a wooden or metal feeder after a few days. Hanging feeders tend to conserve feed. Just ensure that the bottom of the poults feeder is within comfortable reach of the poults beaks. Don’t use pails of feed. Because besides spilling it, the baby poults can all climb in on top of each other and this can cause hurting themselves.feeding and watering turkeys, feeding turkeys, turkey feeders, turkey waterer

Feeding and Watering Adult Turkeys
Switch to a metal waterer (five gallon will work fine) or a nipple watering system when the poults grow. As turkeys are larger in size and strong, so ensure that the waterer is sturdy and rugged. Larger feeder that can hold about 50 pound feed is ideal for adult turkeys. Hanging feeder is good. Some people also use range feeder that is a trough style. In either case, ensure that the edge of the feeder is at the level of the turkeys’ backs so that they can reach the feed easily, but don’t waste too much on the floor. Keep some coarse sand or fine gravel if you let your turkeys to access pasture. They use the grit for digesting their food. Most likely they can find this right on the ground mixed with the soil.

On an average, adult turkeys will eat as much as fifty percent of their intake from pasture or range. Range is grass that is four to six inches long. Turkeys like to eat the growing tips of the grass. Accessing your birds to pasture will reduce the feeding costs. Along with regular feeds and pasture feeds, turkeys will also enjoy kitchen or garden scraps. Usually turkeys like tomatoes, sweet corn, summer squash, lettuce and so on.

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Turkey Housing and Fencing http://www.roysfarm.com/turkey-housing-and-fencing/ http://www.roysfarm.com/turkey-housing-and-fencing/#comments Sun, 11 Jan 2015 09:54:44 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=2985 Turkey housing and fencing is almost similar to poultry housing system. But turkeys require slightly different housing and fencing setup than that of chicken housing and fencing system. Turkeys like to access outdoors regardless of the weather. Although you should not let them to access outdoors until they reach eight to twelve weeks of age. […]

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Turkey housing and fencing is almost similar to poultry housing system. But turkeys require slightly different housing and fencing setup than that of chicken housing and fencing system. Turkeys like to access outdoors regardless of the weather. Although you should not let them to access outdoors until they reach eight to twelve weeks of age. Because before this age they will not be safe on pasture. Before this age, you should keep your birds inside a brooder (if possible with access to a sun porch). However, here we are describing about turkey housing and fencing system and requirements.

Turkey Housing and Pen Requirements
Turkeys require a comfortable and clean housing system. So ensure all required facilities for your birds. You need to provide your turkeys with a roosting area with a roof, once they are big enough and able to live outside. The roosting area must have to have good protection facilities from predators. They need access to fresh pasture or range (range is grass that is four to six inches long). Turkeys also require a place to dust bathe and roosting place for flying up into at night. 75 * 75 square feet space will be sufficient enough for up to 12 turkeys.

Roosts for Turkeys
For raising turkeys, you need to build roosts for your birds. If you are raising numerous turkeys, then you can build a set of roosts for your birds. Keep the set of roosts all at the same height. This will prevent fighting among them for the top spots. For making the roosts movable, the set of roosts can be either on skids or on wheels. Moveable roosts keep manure from building up in one spot inside the turkey housing system. A lightweight fiberglass or metal panel roof will be fine and it will keep your birds out of the weather. Wood is an ideal construction material of roosts for turkeys. You can also use electrical conduit on top of wooden skids. This will keep the pen lightweight and easily moved. Stake down the roost if it is very lightweight so that it can’t blow over or away. For housing 20 turkeys a 5feet by 8feet roost is enough.

Turkey Fencing
As turkeys are big in size and good flyers, so the fencing should be as high as possible. The fencing have to be at least four feet high. If you want to avoid flying, then trim their wing feathers. And thus your birds will stay inside happily unless something disturbs them. You can top the fence with netting if you don’t want to trim the wing. This will help to protect them from other birds and also prevent escape. You can use electric poultry netting for temporary fencing. Use woven wire fencing and wooden posts or metal T-posts for building permanent enclosure. Turkeys can be turned out onto pasture with cattle and will scratch and pick corn and other undigested grains out of the cow manure, spreading it and improving pasture. They will also help for improving pasture by eating pest weeds such as nettles, dock, and chicory. Fox, raccoons, weasels and neighborhood dogs etc. are some common predators of turkeys. So ensure the fencing is flush to the ground and sturdy so that the turkeys are protected from such predators.Turkey Fencing, turkey housing, fencing for turkeys, turkey housing and fencing

Breeding Turkey Housing
Breeding turkeys require special care and management. That’s why they need different type of housing. For proper breeding purpose, a more solid and permanent house will work fine. Make a good space for broody with solid sides to hatch out poults. You can make such space within the larger turkey housing system or separately from the main house. Divide the breeding turkey house into at least two separate space for keeping hens and toms separately. You can let out hens for a few hours every day to graze, then let them back inside and let the toms out to graze. Feeding something is a good way to get them to return to their house. Breeding turkeys also require access to pasture. So ensure that your breeding birds have access to pasture. About half of an adult turkey’s diet will be made up of grass and plants from pasture. So allowing the birds to pasture is also a good way for reducing feeding costs.

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Turkey Breeds http://www.roysfarm.com/turkey-breeds/ http://www.roysfarm.com/turkey-breeds/#comments Sat, 10 Jan 2015 14:40:47 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=2975 There are many turkey breeds available throughout the world. But not nearly as many turkey breeds as there are chicken breeds or duck breeds. Although, there are still enough varieties to choose from. Some of these breeds are good for commercial meat production purpose, some are good for enhancing beauty of your home and some […]

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There are many turkey breeds available throughout the world. But not nearly as many turkey breeds as there are chicken breeds or duck breeds. Although, there are still enough varieties to choose from. Some of these breeds are good for commercial meat production purpose, some are good for enhancing beauty of your home and some turkey breeds are good as pets. For commercial purpose, most of the farmers used to raise turkeys for meat production. However, you should learn about various types of turkey breeds. Here we are describing about some common and popular turkey breeds.

Beltsville Small White
Beltsville small white turkeys were developed in the 1930s. They are similar in size as the Midget Whites. But Beltsville small white turkeys have wider breasts than the Midget Whites. Beltsvile small white turkeys make a nice table bird but are blander than Midgets or some other heritage birds. They are prolific layers and mature hens are good sitters and can hatch eggs well. Although, they are not very social compared to other heritage turkey breeds.Beltsville Small White Turkey

Black Turkey
Black turkey is a domestic turkey breed. It was domesticated from Mexican wild turkeys brought back to Europe by the first Spanish explorers who visited the USA. Black turkeys have been around since the 1500s and their plumage is black. This breed is available in many European nations.Black Spanish Turkey

Blue Slate
Blue slate is a domestic turkey breed. They have slate gray color plumage. They are lighter birds and are also sometimes called Lavender turkeys. Actually slate turkey breed may be any number of shades between white and pure black. They are among the beautiful heritage turkey breeds. Adult Blue Slate hen can weight about 14 pounds and an adult tom can weight about 23 pounds.Blue Slate Turkey

Bourbon Reds
Bourbon Red turkeys are very attractive birds for their beautiful red plumage. They are also known and popular for a full flavor, delicious meat and are considered as one of the best tasting heritage turkey breeds. This breed came from their origin in Bourbon county, Kentucky. They were first bred there during the 1800s. A mature Bourbon hen weights about 12 pounds and a mature tom can reach about 23 pounds.Bourbon Red Turkey

Broad-Breasted Whites
Broad-Breasted white turkeys are modern turkey breed which are raised commercially in farms. They are available in almost every country around the globe. They have maximum conversion ratio of feed to meat in shortest possible time (like broiler chicken breeds) and very suitable for commercial turkey farming business. Although, there are some problems with Broad-Breasted white turkeys. They can’t fly or walk. They are prone to diseases like other factory farm raised poultry birds and they can’t reproduce without artificial insemination. They also don’t taste too good like other turkey breeds. They are only suitable for factory farm production purpose.Broad Breasted White Turkey

Midget White
Midget White turkeys are relatively a new heritage breed. Researchers at the University of Massachusetts developed this turkey breed in the 1960s. They are a cross of Broad-Breasted whites and Royal Palm. They are smaller in size and are known for their deep, delicious flavor. Midget White turkeys are calm in nature and do well raising poults (because the Midget White hens are small and they can become good fence-jumpers). A mature Midget White hen weights about 8 to 12 pounds and a mature tom weights about 16 to 20 pounds.Midget White Turkey

Narragansett
Narragansett turkeys were the staple of the New England turkey scene before factory farmed turkeys became the norm (they are originally from Rhode Island). On an average, mature Narragansett hens weight about 18 pounds and toms weight about 30 pounds.Narragansett Turkey

Standard Bronze
Standard Bronze is one of the largest heritage turkey breeds. They have also been the most popular turkey breeds in American history. Bronzes were originally a cross between the native wild turkeys (discovered by Europeans) in America and the turkeys brought to the colonies by Europeans. Among the Standard Bronze varieties, the Broad-Breasted Bronze is the most commercially raised variety and most have been bred by artificial insemination since the 1960s. But this variety was replaced by the Broad-Breasted White at that time. Because white feathers of Broad-Breasted White turkeys led to a cleaner looking and they become most commercially acceptable turkey breed. On an average, an adult hen weights about 16 pounds and a tom can reach about 25 pounds. Although birds which are available nowadays may be smaller than this.Standard Bronze Turkeys

Royal Palm
Royal Palm is a very beautiful, striking turkey breed. Actually, they were bred for their good looks. They have white and black plumage. They were breed not for commercial purpose. Because they are smaller in size than most other heritage varieties. They are mostly raised for exhibition or enhancing beauty of home or farm. Although, they are suitable for meat production for family consumption purpose. Royal Palm are active turkey breed that forage extensively, they can control insects well and are also good flyers. Royal Palm hens weight about 10 pounds and toms weight about 16 pounds.Royal Palm Turkey

White Holland
White Holland turkeys were bred in Holland. This turkey breed migrated to the USA with early settlers to the country. And they were popular as meat bird in the 1800s. White Holland turkeys are calm in nature and good setters and mothers. But they sometimes break their eggs because the hens are so heavy. A mature White Holland hen can weight up to 20 pounds and a mature tom can weight up to 30 pounds.White Holland Turkey

Heritage Turkey Breeds
Heritage breed is a livestock term, applied to animals that have been bred over time to be best adapted to local conditions. These heritage breeds can resist disease and are able to survive very well in harsher environmental conditions. There are few heritage turkey breeds available to choose from. These breeds are the most popular and common for commercial turkey farming purpose. There are thirteen recognized heritage turkey breeds available.

These are the common turkey breeds. Choose any depending on your raising purpose.

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