Modern Farming Methods http://www.roysfarm.com Mon, 21 Apr 2014 08:27:56 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Bottle Feeding Dwarf Goats http://www.roysfarm.com/bottle-feeding-dwarf-goats/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=bottle-feeding-dwarf-goats http://www.roysfarm.com/bottle-feeding-dwarf-goats/#comments Mon, 14 Apr 2014 08:27:16 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=2028 You need to bottle-fed your dwarf goat kids if your doe abandons her babies or if anyhow she can’t feed her kids. Some people also prefer to buy bottle babies for raising as pets or for raising on their herd. There are numerous milk replacers and milk replacer recipes available for raising those bottle-fed babies. […]

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You need to bottle-fed your dwarf goat kids if your doe abandons her babies or if anyhow she can’t feed her kids. Some people also prefer to buy bottle babies for raising as pets or for raising on their herd. There are numerous milk replacers and milk replacer recipes available for raising those bottle-fed babies. However, here we are describing the formulas for bottle feeding dwarf goats (although, no one seems to have a definitive answer when it comes to feeding a baby goat).

First Day
The kids need only colostrum for their first day (within the first 24 hours of their life). Colostrum is life-giving and a must for the newborn kids. It is enriched with special nutrients and maternal antibodies which helps to protect the newborn kids through their first weeks of life. In some cases your doe (mom of the newborn kids) may die, and then you have to furnish colostrum to the baby goat by yourself. The only best source of colostrum is getting it from a goat. You can get it fresh or frozen, but try to feed it to the newborn kids as soon as possible. There are also colostrum replacer available in the market. You can get the replacer from the stores. Don’t try to use colostrum supplement (because colostrum supplement is not nutritionally adequate for the kids). If you can’t find any colostrum replacer, then apply homemade formulas for bottle feeding dwarf goats. Take 3 cups of milk, 1 teaspoon cod liver oil, 1 tablespoon sugar and 1 raw egg. Mix the ingredients perfectly and you are done. Feed this formula to the kids. But remember, neither this formula nor the commercial colostrum replacer will provide maternal antibodies. But those will provide the kids with the necessary nutrition.bottle feeding dwarf goats, dwarf goats, bottle feeding goats, formulas for bottle feeding dwarf goats

Try Natural Food
Both Pygmy and Nigerian dwarf goat bottle-fed babies don’t require fancy recipes. They can do just fine on cow’s milk or goat’s milk which you find in the stores. But try to avaid powdered or canned milk. Because canned and powdered milk can cause digestive upsets and diarrhea (which is known as scours). Adding 3 tablespoons of corn syrup per gallon of cow’s milk is recommended and it will make good result.

Formula
You can apply your own formula for raising your bottle-fed dwarf goats. Take 1 gallon of milk with 1 can of evaporated milk, 1 raw beaten egg and 1 cup of buttermilk. Then mix the ingredients perfectly. The buttermilk may contain enough good bacteria to keep the kids from scouring. This formula is similar to other baby goat formulas and should work for all type of baby goats.

How Often You Should Feed the Kids?
Usually both Nigerian dwarf and Pygmy goat kids tend to eat less than their full-size counterparts. But you have to determine their feeding schedule and frequency according to their appetite and health condition. Neither skimp if the kids are hungry nor overfeed them. Overfeeding causes bloat in the goat kids. A distended stomach indicates that the kids are gaining weight but not wadding away. In case of bottle feeding dwarf goats, you need to bottle-fed the kids for about three to four months. Although some people also recommend weaning the dwarf goat kids within their 8 to 10 weeks of age and start introducing solid foods. In case of weaning the kids within their 8 to 10 weeks of age, start feeding the kids 12 to 24 ounces three to four times a day for the first week. 36 ounces split two to four times in the second week and in the third and fourth weeks use 32 ounces and split two to three times a day with free choice hay and water. From 5th weeks to weaning, use 32 ounces and split two times a day with hay, grain and adequate fresh water. You can aslo be suggested some other recommendations by your vet. It’s wise to follow the vet’s suggestion.

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When to Wean Bottle Fed Goat Kids? http://www.roysfarm.com/when-to-wean-bottle-fed-goat-kids/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=when-to-wean-bottle-fed-goat-kids http://www.roysfarm.com/when-to-wean-bottle-fed-goat-kids/#comments Wed, 09 Apr 2014 17:22:44 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=2019 Sometimes you may need to raise goat kids through bottle feeding system (if you have lost your doe or if somehow the doe is not able to nurse her babies). But do you know, when to wean bottle fed goat kids? You need to know the correct age for weaning bottle fed goat kids, if […]

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Sometimes you may need to raise goat kids through bottle feeding system (if you have lost your doe or if somehow the doe is not able to nurse her babies). But do you know, when to wean bottle fed goat kids? You need to know the correct age for weaning bottle fed goat kids, if you are raising the kids through bottle feeding system. It is not nearly as much of a commitment as bottle-feeding a human kid. Because human kids might need bottle feeding for a year or more. But it’s different in caprine variety. They need not more than three months of bottle-feeding or nursing care. However, here we are describing about the correct age of weaning bottle-fed goat kids.

Colostrum
If you have lost your doe or if you can’t allow the doe to take care of the kids, then ensure that the kids get colostrum as soon as possible. Colostrum is a nutrient rich first milk and that provides protective antibodies and kick-starts the digestive system. Although your does are the best source of colostrum. So it will be better if your goat kids receive colostrum from their mom. Don’t feed the kids their mom’s first milk (colostrum) if your doe is affected by diseases, such as caprine arthritic encephalitis. So having safe colostrum ready on hand is a good idea. Ask the vet in your area and purchase commercial colostrum replacers according to his/her advice. Bovine colostrum is also safe for goats. So you can also use bovine colostrum. After a few days, use commercial goat milk replacer and stop feeding colostrum.when to wean bottle fed goat kids, bottle feeding goats, bottle feeding goat kids

Dairy Goats
In case of raising dairy goats, you must have to breed the does timely for producing kids to produce milk. But the problem with dairy goats is that, those kids are not often nursed by their moms. And the moms can’t take care of their babies by feeding their milk. Because you are raising dairy goats commercially and milk is your main product. In this case you can pan or bottle-feed the babies. Because the nursing reflex is instinctual, bottle feeding is much easier than pan-feeding. And through bottle feeding, you will get a better idea of how much milk each baby is consuming. Your kids need bottle feeding at least four times a day, for the first three weeks. Decrease the feeding time gradually. Feed them three times a day from the third week and offer the kids some solid foods from then.

Introducing Solids
Introduce your kids to some solid foods by the time they are 3 weeks of old, even while you are still bottle-feeding them. Rumen is the first section of the four part stomach of goats. Food is partially digested in the rumen (with solids regurgitated to form the cud). And feeding goat youngsters solid foods stimulates development of the rumen. Goats break down the partially digested nutrients, when they chew their cud. Try to give the kids free-choice feed which contain about 14 to 16 percent protein. Introducing solids to the kids also have many more benefits. It makes the stomach fully functional before final weaning.

Weaning
You can completely wean your goat kids within their three months of age. Although weaning much depends on the growth and health condition of kids. Some kids become ready to eat solid foods completely before three months, and some kids need longer for taking solids. And some kids don’t eat enough solid foods right after weaning. You have to introduce solid foods to this type of kids regularly. Always monitor the kid’s food intake and observe their weight and overall health condition. Also read raising orphan goats and abandoned newborn goat care.

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Upper Respiratory Infections in Goats http://www.roysfarm.com/upper-respiratory-infections-in-goats/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=upper-respiratory-infections-in-goats http://www.roysfarm.com/upper-respiratory-infections-in-goats/#comments Sat, 29 Mar 2014 17:32:52 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=1998 Upper respiratory infections in goats is very common, but it can cause serious illness or even death if you left it untreated. These common infections are very dangerous for the goat kids who have not had the chance to develop their immune systems. For ensuring good health of your goats, it’s very important to recognize […]

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Upper respiratory infections in goats is very common, but it can cause serious illness or even death if you left it untreated. These common infections are very dangerous for the goat kids who have not had the chance to develop their immune systems. For ensuring good health of your goats, it’s very important to recognize upper respiratory infections in goats and you have to call a veterinarian for treating them.

Symptoms
Coughing, elevated temperature, loss of appetite, nasal discharge and sneezing are the common symptoms of upper respiratory infections in goats. The affected goat’s nasal passages may be blocked and the discharge may affect one or both nostrils. And in some cases, the goat may also have difficulties in breathing.upper respiratory infections in goats

Nasal Bots
Upper respiratory infections in goats can causes due to nose bots or nasal bots. One type of fly called ‘Oestrus ovis’ lay their eggs outside a goat’s nose. Later they migrate into the nose and up into the sinuses (when the fly larvae hatch). This can take a few days, weeks or even months to happen. Eventually the larva falls out and pupates in the soil, and it becomes a fly and the entire process starts again. You can consult with your vet and ask him/her for a good internal parasite dewormer to rid your goats of these bots.

Nasal Tumors
Sinus infections in goats can be caused by nasal tumors. The ENT virus (enzootic nasal tumor) causes tumors in the goat’s nose. Being noisy, bad breath, deformed face, labored breathing, neurological signs, nasal discharge, sneezing and weight loss are the common symptoms of nasal tumors. Usually the goats have this virus which are aged between 2 to 4 years (because it spreads between goats). It’s important to isolate the sick goats and euthanize them and market their kids.

Pneumonia
Technically pneumonia is a lower respiratory infection. But sometimes it begins with viruses and bacteria in the upper respiratory system. Dullness is usually the first symptom of pneumonia, and your goat will appear less active and alert than usual. Pneumonia can often mimic upper respiratory infections, but in many cases can be worse. Pneumonia also frequently occurs after stress. For example, dust, high humidity, fluctuating temperatures, overcrowded conditions, shipping animals, unsanitary conditions etc. are such stress that occurs pneumonia frequently. Coughing, lack of appetite, high fever (104° F to 106° F), clear or whitish nasal discharge, discharge at the eyes and frothing at the mouth and nose are the symptoms of pneumonia in goats.

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Sheep Breeds in India http://www.roysfarm.com/sheep-breeds-in-india/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=sheep-breeds-in-india http://www.roysfarm.com/sheep-breeds-in-india/#comments Fri, 28 Mar 2014 17:26:47 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=1992 There are numerous breeds of sheep live in India. Right now more than 40 breeds of sheep live in India. But all of those breeds are readily not available, and not suitable for commercial production purpose. Sheep are contributing much to the India’s economy and they are used for producing clothing, carpet and mutton. Right […]

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There are numerous breeds of sheep live in India. Right now more than 40 breeds of sheep live in India. But all of those breeds are readily not available, and not suitable for commercial production purpose. Sheep are contributing much to the India’s economy and they are used for producing clothing, carpet and mutton. Right now India has a sheep population of more than 60 million. However, here we are describing about the available sheep breeds in India.

Sheep Breeds in Eastern Region
Balangir is an important sheep breed in eastern regions of India. There are about 130,000+ Balangir sheep in India. They are light brown in color, ears are short and knobby and their fleece is extremely coarse. They are mainly raised for their wool and mutton. Tibetan is another sheep breed from eastern region. They are popular for producing beautiful wool, which is used for manufacturing carpet. Fleece from Bonpala sheep also used for making carpets. Bonpala sheep produce black or white fleece. In India, there are about 600,000+ Bonpala sheep available. Along with the above breeds, there are more breeds available in the eastern region of India. Such as Ganjam, Garole and Chottanagpuri. This three breeds are raised for mutton.

Northern Region
Gaddi is a popular sheep breed in northern region of India. They are medium in size with short and flat tails. Generally the color of their wool is white, but you can also see black, brown or tan colored wool in Gaddi sheep. Kashmir and Merino sheep originated from the Gaddi. They produce good quality fleece and their fleece is considered as one of the finest wool in the world. Their fleece is usually used for cloth production. In northern region of India, there are also an endangered species available named ‘Bakharwal’ sheep. But this sheep are not highly available. Only a few numbers are available. Changthangi, Karhah and Gurez are other breeds from northern region, and they are raised for wool production. Wool from the Changthangi and Gurez sheep is used for making carpets. And wool from the Karnah breed is used for apparel wool.sheep breeds in india, breeds of sheep in india, available sheep breeds in india

Northwestern Region
Magra sheep is very popular and highly available sheep breed in the Bikander district of northwestern region of India. Only Bikander district has more than 300,000 Magra sheep. This sheep breed produce high quality and extremely white wool, and their wool is used primarily for fine carpet production. Magra ewes can’t be bred until their 18 months of age and each ewe produce only one kid per lambing. Another sheep breed named ‘Chokla’ sheep is also available in the northern region. They have dense coats and hairless faces. Along with these two breeds there are many sheep breeds available in the northwestern region of India. Sonadi, Kher, Jalauni, Jaisalmeri, Pugal, Marwari, Malpura etc. are important sheep breeds in this region. All of these breeds are suitable and used for both carpet wool and mutton production.

Southern Peninsular Region
The Deccani sheep are very popular in the southern peninsular region of India. They are very hardy animals and can adapt themselves well with the extreme temperatures of the southern region. Deccani sheep are mainly raised for mutton production. A male Deccani sheep weights about 81 pounds and a female sheep weights about 63 pounds. Right now there are more than 4 million Deccani sheep available in India. Madras red is another sheep breed from the southern region of India. They are also raised for mutton. A male Madras red sheep weights about 77 pounds on an average. And a female weights about 50 pounds. The fleece of Madras red sheep is usually brown in color and extremely short. There are also other sheep breeds available in the southern region. Vembur, Nellore, Nilgiri, Hassan, Tiruchy Black, Rammand White, Mandya, Mecheri, Kilakarsal, Kanguri etc. are important sheep breeds in the southern region of India. All of this breeds are raised for the purpose of producing mutton.

These are the common and available sheep breeds in India. All of these breeds are suitable for different production purpose. But all of these breeds are not suitable for commercial production. For commercial sheep farming business, you can also consider raising the following sheep breeds.

  • Bannur
  • Bellary
  • Cheviot
  • Deccani
  • Hassan
  • Merino
  • Ramboullet
  • South Down

Also read sheep farming in India.

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Vaccination Schedule For Sheep http://www.roysfarm.com/vaccination-schedule-for-sheep/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=vaccination-schedule-for-sheep http://www.roysfarm.com/vaccination-schedule-for-sheep/#comments Fri, 28 Mar 2014 04:55:16 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=1985 Vaccinating your sheep timely is very important for keeping your sheep healthy and free from all types of diseases and health hazard. And it is very important if you are doing sheep farming commercially. Vaccination schedule for sheep depends on various factors. It depends on your area and the diseases prevalent in your area. Vaccination […]

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Vaccinating your sheep timely is very important for keeping your sheep healthy and free from all types of diseases and health hazard. And it is very important if you are doing sheep farming commercially. Vaccination schedule for sheep depends on various factors. It depends on your area and the diseases prevalent in your area. Vaccination schedule for sheep also depends on your sheep’s age and their raising purpose. It’s always a good idea to consult with a vet before vaccinating your animals. Try to follow a vet’s recommendations while vaccinating your sheep or any other livestock animals. Here we are describing about common and basic vaccination schedule for sheep.

Core Vaccines
You have to vaccinate your sheep regularly for two types of enterotoxemia (commonly known as overeating disease) and tetanus. CD-T (this three in one vaccine is known as CD-T) provides protection against these potentially fatal ailments caused by clostridium bacteria. This type of vaccination don’t depend on your location and the age of your sheep. But ensure that, the lambs on your herd have received this vaccine within a few days of birth. Because overeating disease is one of the major causes of death in babies. After a few months (during weaning), they need another CD-T shot.vaccination schedule for sheep, sheep vaccination, sheep vaccination schedule, sheep immunization schedule

Foot Rot
Foot rot often occurs in sheep in such areas that get a lot of rainy weather. It’s also known as foot scald. Vaccination against this disease don’t offer 100 percent protection. But vaccines help to reduce the severity of infection. Vaccines work great when you take good care of your animals. Depending on the climate in your area, you can vaccinate your sheep for foot rot after every three to six months. But always try to vaccinate them for foot rot before rainy season.

Pregnancy
Vaccinating your ewe timely is also very important. Especially if you are raising sheep commercially. You have to make a plan for ewe vaccination around your breeding schedule. Vaccinate your ewes for campylobacter (a bacteria that can cause abortions), appromimately three weeks before mating. And vaccinate them for CD-T to provide some immunity for the newborn lamb through colostrum. Vaccinate CD-T three weeks before ewes are about to give birth. Vaccinate your ewes twice for CD-T during pregnancy, if your ewes are lambing for the first time. During the same time as the CD-T shot, all your ewes should receive an intranasal influenza vaccine.

Sore Mouth
Sore mouth causes lesions on a sheep’s mouth. It is the common term for contagious ecthyma. It can spread through milk to lambs, if your sheep are exposed to the virus. Be very careful and wear gloves during administration. Because this live vaccine can affect humans. The vaccine for sore mouth is not injected. Instead it is placed on the sheep’s skin (shear off a small bit of fleece, with an applicator). You can also place the vaccine on a ewe’s tail or inside the ear. Vaccinate the lambs on their inner thigh. Vaccinate your flock for sore mouth annually.

These are the common vaccination schedule for sheep. No vaccination guarantee 100 percent cure or protection. Vaccines work great when you take good care of your animals. So, along with timely vaccination, take good care of your animals.

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When A Goats Vulva Start To Expand During Pregnancy? http://www.roysfarm.com/when-a-goats-vulva-start-to-expand-during-pregnancy/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=when-a-goats-vulva-start-to-expand-during-pregnancy http://www.roysfarm.com/when-a-goats-vulva-start-to-expand-during-pregnancy/#comments Tue, 25 Mar 2014 06:43:39 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=1968 Learning about when a goats vulva start to expand during pregnancy is very important. Especially, if you have pregnant doe in your herd which is going to give birth of kids soon. If your doe is pregnant, then you have to make sure you don’t miss any signs that her kid/kids are ok. Usually goat’s […]

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Learning about when a goats vulva start to expand during pregnancy is very important. Especially, if you have pregnant doe in your herd which is going to give birth of kids soon. If your doe is pregnant, then you have to make sure you don’t miss any signs that her kid/kids are ok. Usually goat’s gestation period takes not more than five months (155 days). So you have a lots of time to get everything ready after the mating of your doe. Usually a healthy goat’s vulva should appear relatively tight until birth is impending. During a few days prior to kidding, the vulva starts opening and becomes slacker. This is a clear sign that a or a few new kids are going to see the world soon.

Bagging Up
Bagging up means your doe’s udder fills with milk and become ready to feed the newborn kid/kids. Bagging up is the first sign of kidding. You can determine the delivery date is coming closer when your doe starts bagging up. Bagging up is an obvious sign, rather than something subtle or quick that you might miss. Some does don’t bag up until the day before delivery. And some goats might bag up a week or more before kidding. If you have numerous goats in your herd, then separate the pregnant doe once you see her bagging up. Keep her in a completely separate area where other goat’s won’t disturb her or in such an area where you intend to have her kidding.goat pregnancy, goats vulva during pregnancy, goats vulva during kidding, goat vulva during birth

Days Before Birth
The doe becomes restless, when the kid/kids are about to born within a day or two. She starts pawing and getting up and down frequently and appears nervous. During this period, you might see a mucus discharge emanating from her vulva. Usually the discharge from her vulva should be thin and relatively clear. You need to consult with your vet, if you see greenish discharge. Because it indicates infection. Discharge of mucus is also an indicator for your does that her vulva is beginning to expand. When she starts bleating and doesn’t stop, that’s the key that labor is beginning and your doe is going to give birth of kids soon. Sometimes some doe might go on making noise for up to 12 hours before delivery.

Kidding
When kidding is very closer, your doe will start walking around nervously and start getting up and down constantly. And once the kid/kids move into the birth canal, the doe’s flanks appear sunken in. The kids are not far behind, when you will notice a thick, stringy vaginal discharge. Your doe will begin strong constractions. And you will see a reddish fluid bag emanating from her vulva. And then she has more contractions. After a few contractions, you should see the front feet and nose emerging. After a few more contractions, the first kid is born. If your doe has more than one kid, then any others will be born within intervals of a few minutes.

Afterwards
After kidding you can wipe off some of the amniotic fluid from the kid’s nose (if you attend the birth). Open the sac if it didn’t break. Usually your doe will lick off and clean her babies naturally. The placenta should come out within half an hour after delivery. You can dispose of it, or your doe can eat it. If the placenta doesn’t emerge within two hours of the birth, then it’s an emergency. And you have to call the vet as soon as possible. If this happen, then there is a possibility a dead kid is still inside your doe. So you are in need of help of a vet urgently.

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Is Zinc Absorption Deficiency Hereditary in Goats? http://www.roysfarm.com/is-zinc-absorption-deficiency-hereditary-in-goats/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=is-zinc-absorption-deficiency-hereditary-in-goats http://www.roysfarm.com/is-zinc-absorption-deficiency-hereditary-in-goats/#comments Sun, 23 Mar 2014 07:08:28 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=1953 As you are raising goats for profit so you should know whether the zinc absorption deficiency hereditary in goats or not. The common symptoms of zinc deficiency in goats includes unhealthy look, your goats might scratch, lose their hair, scaly skin, have sores or dry. If you see any of this symptoms in your goats, […]

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As you are raising goats for profit so you should know whether the zinc absorption deficiency hereditary in goats or not. The common symptoms of zinc deficiency in goats includes unhealthy look, your goats might scratch, lose their hair, scaly skin, have sores or dry. If you see any of this symptoms in your goats, then call a vet as soon as possible. In most cases, above symptoms causes due to zinc deficiency or zinc responsive dermatosis. You need to know whether zinc absorption deficiency hereditary in goats or not. Especially if you are planning on breeding the goats. Actually zinc responsive dermatosis is a malabsorption problem in goats and other animals. You might feed your goats well balanced feed with sufficient amounts of zinc, but the goats are unable to absorb the mineral from the diet. Thus it develops anorexia, hair loss, foot soreness, depression, dry and itchy skin, skin lesions and other health problems.

Hereditary Condition
Zinc malabsorption problem may be an hereditary problem among the goats. Veterinarians of ‘Veterinary University of Vienna’ tasted two different and unrelated female goats from two different flocks. The owner of each flock used to feed their goats with sufficient zinc levels. But the test by the veterinarians showed low zinc blood serum levels. Oral supplementation caused the skin problems to go away. When one doe gave birth of two baby goats, one tasted low in zinc and showed signs of zinc responsive dermatosis (suggesting a hereditary connection). But other baby goat had normal zinc levels and it didn’t show any symptoms.zinc deficiency in goats, Is Zinc Absorption Deficiency Hereditary in Goats

Chemicals
Sometimes goats suffer from zinc deficiencies due to certain chemicals in the soil. Soils produce fodder that is low in zinc levels when the soil is treated with some chemical fertilizers such as calcium, superphosphates and phosphorus. A zinc deficiency is more likely when a goat graze on the field with this type of soil or if the goats are fed with the food grown on those soils. You have to supplement your goat’s diet with zinc orally for correcting the deficiency.

Seasonal Changes
In some goats, low zinc levels might not hereditary. It also depends and change during the seasons. A study says that, zinc levels raise high in the autumn and get reduced during the winter season.

However, you should always feed your goats with high quality and nutritious food. It will be better if you prepare a proper goat dietary chart from your vet. Ensure all required vitamins and minerals are available in their regular diet.

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Required Vitamins and Minerals For Baby Boer Goats http://www.roysfarm.com/required-vitamins-and-minerals-for-baby-boer-goats/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=required-vitamins-and-minerals-for-baby-boer-goats http://www.roysfarm.com/required-vitamins-and-minerals-for-baby-boer-goats/#comments Thu, 13 Mar 2014 17:07:49 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/?p=1915 Boer goats are very popular and among the world famous meat goat breeds. They are an indigenous breed, combined with Angora, European and Indian breeds. During the early 1900s, Boer goats were developed for highly meat production. They have a very fast growth rate and they can easily adjust themselves to dry, hot and other […]

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Boer goats are very popular and among the world famous meat goat breeds. They are an indigenous breed, combined with Angora, European and Indian breeds. During the early 1900s, Boer goats were developed for highly meat production. They have a very fast growth rate and they can easily adjust themselves to dry, hot and other types of climates. That’s why it’s very easy to raise Boer goats. They are usually white in color with brown heads. Although you can see a solid white, solid brown or black colored goat. Usually Boer goats are raised for meat production purpose and as show goats. Boer doe produce small amount of milk but they are not suitable for raising as dairy goats. They are very suitable for commercial meat production purpose. For better production and maximum growth, you have to take good care of your baby Boer goats. They need balanced diet with all types of necessary vitamins and minerals. Here we are describing about required vitamins and minerals for baby Boer goats.baby boer goat, boer goat kid, boer kids, boer goat kids

Calcium
Calcium is a very important mineral required for providing good health to a baby Boer goat. Calcium stimulates growth and provides bone health. Providing calcium to the baby Boer goats through natural sources is recommended. For example, legume and alfalfa hay is good natural source of calcium. As baby goats are growing, so they are losing calcium consistently from their bones. So calcium is needed for maintaining strength and proper growth.

Copper and Iron
Anemia in goats causes due to lack of copper or iron in the regular diet of goat. Providing small amount of iron and copper regularly is sufficient for your goats. Adjust the amount of iron and copper to the goat’s diet according to the age and size of your Boer goat kids. The Boer kids are prone to iron deficiency who are fed on milk only diet, because of lacking of iron in goat milk.

Iodine and Selenium
Hormones help to regulate the body. These hormones are produced through the thyroid gland of your goats. And iodine is required for maintaining proper thyroid function. Selenium helps to promote normal growth of your baby goats. Kelp is a great food source which provides selenium and iodine to the baby goat’s diet on a regular basis.

Phosphorus
Phosphorus is a daily necessity for your Boer goat kids. So it’s recommended to mix the Boer kid’s feed with correct proportion of phosphorus. This mineral is very important for goats, especially for growing goat kids. Beet pulp is a great source of phosphorus.

Salt
Salt is another very important mineral for baby Boer goats. Goats require salt for maintaining their normal bodily functions. Salt is made through the combination of chlorine and sodium. If you allow your Boer goats to fully access salt, then they will consume a large amount of salt daily. But don’t allow them fully access. Follow a proper dietary and add required amount of salt to their regular feed. Measure the required amount of salt daily by determining the age, size and weight of your goats. Always try to follow your vet’s suggestion.

Vitamins A, D and E
Usually green plants provide beta-carotene. And beta-carotene provides vitamin A to the goat’s regular diet. And Boer goats store Vitamin A in their liver and use the reserved vitamin A when the amount of greens are less in their daily diet. Goats absorb vitamin D through their skin while being outdoors or browsing. Another good source of vitamin D is sun-cured hay. Vitamin E also needed for your baby Boer goats. This vitamin allows normal growth by working with the mineral selenium.

These are the common and required vitamins and minerals for baby Boer goats. Always try to consult with your vet while adding or removing any minerals or vitamins on you Boer goat kid’s diet. Otherwise it will harm your goats health instead of being benefited.

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How To Milk A Goat by Hand http://www.roysfarm.com/how-to-milk-a-goat-by-hand/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=how-to-milk-a-goat-by-hand http://www.roysfarm.com/how-to-milk-a-goat-by-hand/#comments Sun, 16 Feb 2014 16:36:00 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/how-to-milk-a-goat-by-hand/ Milking a goat is the most important part for you if you are raising a few goats for fresh milk supply. For a few goats or a small herd, you don’t need to use any auto or electric milker. You can easily milk your goats by hand. Previously we have described about how to milk […]

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Milking a goat is the most important part for you if you are raising a few goats for fresh milk supply. For a few goats or a small herd, you don’t need to use any auto or electric milker. You can easily milk your goats by hand. Previously we have described about how to milk a goat. Here we are going to describe more about how to milk a goat by hand. Milking a goat by hand is very easy, even you can do it without any prior experience. Although some people think milking a goat is difficult than milking a cow. But as far as we have experienced, milking a goat by hand is much easier than milking a cow. With perseverance, patience and a willing and lactating participant, you can easily lean milking goats by hand and become an expert goat milker. Just follow the step by step process for milking a goat by hand. Practice makes perfect and you will be an expert goat milker if you milk your goats regularly.

Things You Will Need For Milking Goats by Hand
For milking your goats by hand, you will need some essential things. The necessary things for milking goats are listed below.

  • Collar
  • Feeder
  • Grain
  • Metal Bucket
  • Milking Stand
  • Washing water and boiled washing cloth.
  • Post milking balm, dip or spray for preventing your goats from infection.

How to Milk a Goat by Hand
The steps for milking a goat by hand are listed below. Read the steps attentively and do every steps very carefully.

  • Prepare the Milk Bucket & Grain: Keep the feeder on the milking stand. Then place some grain in it (place approximately 1 pound of grain). Don’t keep excessive grain in the feeder. Because excessive amount of grain may cause bloat in goats.
  • Catch the Goat for Milking: Catch the goat for milking, after placing grain on the feeder. If your doe has a collar, then you can hold onto the collar. Or clip a leash onto the collar and lead her to the milking place.
  • Separate the Milking Does From Other Goats: Milking process should be done in a separate place. It will be better if you make a dedicated room/place for milking your does. Presence of other goats during milking will disturb the milking doe. So bring the does in a separate place while milking.
  • Set the Doe on the Milking Stand: Lead the doe to the milking stand by alluring her with grain. She will stand on her feet on the milking stand if she find something interesting to eat. And if the doe knows the feed or grain is there, then she will put her head through the stanchion. Clip the stanchion closed, once the doe put her head through it. The stanchion should not allow the doe to slip her head back through once closed. But it should be loose and comfortable enough for the goat. By doing the same process regularly, your does will easily come up and jump onto the stanchion. There are no stress involved with this process.
  • Wash the Udder & Teats of Your Doe: Before milking, always wash down the udder and teats of the goat properly with the sterilized cloth and warm water. Doing this removes dirt, loose hair and piece of manure clinging on and the warmth relaxes the doe and helps with milk letdown. During this time, performing udder massage cause the release of oxytocin, triggering milk letdown. So washing the udder and teats with sterilized warm cloth is very important.
  • Place Bucket: After washing the udder and teats of the milking doe properly, place the bucket on the stand. Place the bucket slightly in front of the udder of the goat.
  • Milking: Wrap your forefinger and thumb around the base of the teat tightly to trap the milk inside the teat. Squeeze with your middle finger, then your ring finger, and then your pinky, in one smooth, successive motion. Never forget to keep your grip tight on the base of the teat. Otherwise the milk will slip right back up into the udder, instead of going into the bucket. The first squeeze from the teat may contain bacteria and dirt. So direct the first squeeze outside the bucket. While milking, you can also use a fewer finger when you will be an expert in milking goats. Relax your grip on the base of the teat to allow milk to refill the teat. Squeeze one teat and let the other refills. And do the process again and again. With regular practice, you will find an efficient rhythm for milking your goats. Stop squeezing when you see that there is not much milk left. With a deflated appearance, the teats will be flaccid. Massage the udder of your doe again to release the remaining milk. The amount of milk per milking vary depending on the goat breeds you are raising.goat milking, milking a goat, milking a goat by hand
  • Take the Bucket Away: After milking, take the bucket away and keep it in a safe place far from other goats or animals. Keep the bucket in such a place where it won’t get knocked over by a curious or oblivious goat or other animals.
  • Use Teat Dip: After milking, don’t let the doe go. Use a teat dip after milking her. Doing this will keep bacteria away from the teats, and this will help to keep your goat healthier.
  • Release the Goat: After using a teat dip, grab the goat’s collar, unclip the stanchion and let her go.

Tips for Milking Goats:

  • Practice makes perfect. So practice milking your goat as much as you can. And gradually you will learn milking goats perfectly (like an expert).
  • Never forget to wash the udder and teats off before you start milking. Washing udder and teats with warm water also helps to relax the udder and releasing more milk.
  • While milking, keep enough grain in front of the goat. Doing this will keep her entertained while you milk her.
  • Don’t rely on just your hand strength. A half twist to the teat up near the udder will help seal off the top. Do not pull or twist the teat. It causes pain to the goat, and problems for you!
  • If you notice less release of milk, try massaging the udder for about thirty seconds. Doing this will bring pretty more milk out.
  • Never forget to use teat dip after milking. You can also use some commercial teat dips, balms and sprays. These are not only helpful for keeping the goats healthier but also helpful for preventing mastitis disease.
  • Never disturb the goat while milking. So keep other goats and children away. It will be better if you can manage a dedicated place/room for milking your goats.

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How to Care For Goats? http://www.roysfarm.com/how-to-care-for-goats/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=how-to-care-for-goats http://www.roysfarm.com/how-to-care-for-goats/#comments Sat, 15 Feb 2014 16:51:00 +0000 http://www.roysfarm.com/how-to-care-for-goats/ Taking proper care is very important for raising goats. So before starting goat farming business, try to learn more about how to care for goats. You have to learn what kind of greens and grains your goats love to eat, suitable place where they like to stay, the best food to feed them, good shelter […]

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Taking proper care is very important for raising goats. So before starting goat farming business, try to learn more about how to care for goats. You have to learn what kind of greens and grains your goats love to eat, suitable place where they like to stay, the best food to feed them, good shelter or housing system, and many more. Here we are describing almost everything related to caring goats. The caring methods are very easy and simple. Just follow the methods mentioned below.

Create A Safe Environment For Your Goats
Creating a safe environment for your goats is very important. Try to create such an environment where your goats will live and grow happily. You must have to keep your goats free from all types of predators, harmful animals and plants. Consider the followings.

  • Make Good Fencing Facility: Make a good fence surrounding your farm land. The fence must have to be tall enough for your goats so that they can stay inside safely and for keeping wild animals and predators out. Usually a fence about five feet tall is suitable enough for the goats.
  • Provide Adequate Shelter For Your Goats: Goats require shelter for taking rest at night and for keeping themselves safe from rain and excessive cold. So create adequate shelter facilities for your animals. Usually goats can live in any type of shed or house. They can easily adopt themselves in a small shed, even in any large dog house. But while making shelter for your goats keep in mind that it should be well ventilated and must have to be free from drafts. You can make their bedding with straw. Concrete floor is very suitable for goats and it’s very easy to maintain. But it is pretty expensive.

care for goats, goat care, how to care for goats
Feeding
Feeding adequate amount of nutritious food helps to keep your goats healthy and productive. Always ensure availability of sufficient amount of fresh and clean water according to the demand of your goats. See below for more.

  • Feed Your Goats Properly: You should always provide your goats a healthy diet. Usually a healthy diet of goat consists of hay, and concentrates like oats, bran, and barley. Never feed them on the ground. Keep their food off the ground for preventing mold and insects or birds from eating or infesting the food. Use goat feeders for feeding them. You can consider feeding them by using water proof feeders or trash cans. This will keep the food elevated and clean. Providing food on the ground can also cause various types of goat diseases. So always use specially designed goat feeders for feeding your goats. Read how to make homemade goat feeders.
    goat feed, feeding goats, what to feed goats, goat feeding
  • Provide Sufficient Amount of Water: Always provide your goats sufficient amount of clean and fresh water according to their daily demand. Never let the water get dirty. If possible, change water from the pot frequently and clean the pot regularly. Try to allow your goats permanent access to water and provide a salt-lick block preferably containing Selenium. Selenium is required in such areas where it is less in the soil hence in the hay. Consult with your vet regularly. According to the suggestion of your vet, you can give your goats a “BoSe” shot. This type of shot contains Vitamin E and Selenium (both are very important for bone, muscle and reproductive health of goats). This shot is also very important for pregnant does. So give them about a month prior to kidding. BoSe helps to have proper heart and other muscular development, as well as helps the doe to avoid kidding complications.
  • Harmful Foods For Goats: There are some grains and plants which are extremely harmful for goat’s health. You have to remove ornamental plants from your farm area (especially the plants in the Rhododendron family). This types of goat food can cause different types of GI problems including diarrhea, vomiting and even death (if the goat has ingested enough and the condition hasn’t been treated by a veterinarian). So be very careful while giving your goats a treat that may contain rhododendron type plants.

Grooming
Regular grooming is another goat caring method. Grooming goats on a regular basis not only helps to look the goats beautiful but also helps to keep them healthy and free from common parasites. Usually a proper and complete grooming consists of a long bath and thorough brushing. Trimming the hooves on a regular basis is also very important. It will be better if you can trim the hooves of your goats once a month. Trimming doesn’t take a lot of effort and time. So why not trimming every month? Regular trimming also help to prevent your goat’s hooves to bend, crack or from getting infected.
grooming a goat, goat grooming
Always Try To Keep Your Goats Healthy
Healthy goats = more production = maximum profit. So you have to be more conscious for keeping your goats healthy. Here we are describing the common methods for keeping your goats healthy and productive.

  • Exercise Your Goats Regularly: Let your goats to exercise by their own. Goats usually love to climb. So help them to climb a lot. Give them some toys that would involve climbing. Goats are very intelligent and playful. They love to play. Keep a free space for them where they can run and play freely.
  • Deworming: Most of the goats are very susceptible to external and internal parasites. For example ‘worms’. So your goats should be dewormed on a regular basis. Hookworms, bloodworm and a different species known as coccidia are the common worms that prey on goats. This type of parasites can cause different types of health problems such as reproductive failures, weight loss, poor hair coat and more (even death) depending on the environment. So regular deworming is a must. The young kids should receive their first deworming at the age of between 6 to 8 weeks. You can easily purchase commercial dewormers for your goats from your local livestock feed stores. While applying deworming, be sure to follow label directions. Although, most of the goat dewormers are not effective against coccidia. Coccidia can be particularly harmful in young kids and immune or older compromised goats. For the treatment of coccidia, there are several products available in the market. The mostly available product is called Corid. Difficulty in weight gain, inappetence, lethargy and clumped stools are the signs of coccidia infestation. However, if you have any question about the worm problem in your herd, then you should consult with your vet. Only an experienced vet can provide you definitive answer and he/she will be able to recommend the proper treatment for your goats.
  • Vaccinate Your Goats: Never forget to vaccinate your goats timely. You have to vaccinate all your goats once yearly with CDT vaccine. CDT also includes tetanus. Vaccinate the kids at their 6 to 8 weeks of age, and then boost in 4 weeks. After that, vaccinate your goats once yearly.
  • Bloating: Providing your goats with too much lush green food can cause them to bloat. Bloating is very dangerous. And it can kill your goats if not treated timely.

Some Tips For Caring Goats
Here are some tips for caring goats. Follow the tips carefully and always try to take good care of your goats.

  • Never keep the does and bucks together. Because bucks are usually aggressive in nature and they might harm your does. Bring your does to the buck only for breeding purpose.
  • Ensure that the latch on the fence is on the outside.
  • You can visit your local agriculture extension office to learn more about goat care.
  • If you want to have dehorned goat, then the best age to dehorn is one week. Ask for vet help to dehorn mature goats.
  • Don’t do trimming by yourself for the first time. Instead call an expert or professional for trimming and try to learn from him/her.
  • Never provide your goats wasted food from another animal. And never feed them dog or cat’s food.
  • Never let your goats go outside the fence.
  • In a word, always try to take good care of your goats and keep them healthy and productive. Thus your goat farming business will be more profitable.

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